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Civil Conflict and Human Capital Accumulation: The Long-term Effects of Political Violence in Perú

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  • Gianmarco León

Abstract

This paper provides empirical evidence of the persistent effect of exposure to political violence on human capital accumulation. I exploit the variation in conflict location and birth cohorts to identify the long- and short-term effects of the civil war on educational attainment. Conditional on being exposed to violence, the average person accumulates 0.31 less years of education as an adult. In the short term, the effects are stronger than in the long run; these results hold when comparing children within the same household. Further, exposure to violence during early childhood leads to permanent losses. I also explore the potential causal mechanisms.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Wisconsin Press in its journal Journal of Human Resources.

Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 991-1022

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Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:46:y:2012:iv:1:p:991-1022

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Cited by:
  1. Crost, Benjamin & Felter, Joseph & Mansour, Hani & Rees, Daniel I., 2013. "Election Fraud and Post-Election Conflict: Evidence from the Philippines," IZA Discussion Papers 7469, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Federico Ciani & Gianna C. Giannelli, 2011. "Surviving the genocide: the impact of the Rwandan genocide on child mortality," Working Papers - Economics, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa wp2011_19.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
  3. Dominic Rohner & Mathias Thoenig & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2012. "Seeds of Distrust: Conflict in Uganda," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 112, Households in Conflict Network.
  4. Camelia Minoiu & Olga N. Shemyakina, 2012. "Armed Conflict, Household Victimization, and Child Health in Côte d'Ivoire," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 115, Households in Conflict Network.
  5. Christoph Eder, 2013. "Displacement and Education of the Next Generation: Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 152, Households in Conflict Network.
  6. Giulia La Mattina, 2014. "Civil Conflict, Sex Ratio and Intimate Partner Violence in Rwanda," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 175, Households in Conflict Network.
  7. de Vreyer, Philippe & Guilbert, Nathalie & Mesplé-Somps, Sandrine, 2012. "The 1987-1989 Locust Plague in Mali: Evidences of the Heterogeneous Impact of Income Shocks on Education Outcomes," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/9787, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Valente, Christine, 2013. "Education and civil conflict in Nepal," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 6468, The World Bank.
  9. Grimard, F. & Laszlo, S., 2014. "Long-Term Effects of Civil Conflict on Women’s Health Outcomes in Peru," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 139-155.
  10. Prakarsh Singh & Olga N. Shemyakina, 2013. "Gender-Differential Effects of Conflict on Education: The Case of the 1981-1993 Punjab Insurgency," HiCN Working Papers, Households in Conflict Network 143, Households in Conflict Network.

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