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Pension design with a large informal labor market: evidence from Chile

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  • Clement Joubert

    (UNC Chapel Hill)

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    Abstract

    Pension design in developing countries must take into account that both contributory and non-contributory pension schemes can affect incentives to work informally, with important fiscal consequences. The extent of this problem depends on the nature of the informal labor market: residual or competitive? Linked administrative and self-reported data from Chile on employment histories, earnings and savings are used to estimate a dynamic behavioral model in which a couple faces a labor market composed of a covered sector, that is subject to mandatory pension contributions, and an uncovered sector of self-employed and informal jobs. The estimated model is used to determine the extent of labor market segmentation, and whether mandatory pension contributions and minimum pension benefits could reduce the pension system's coverage rate and crowd out private savings. Then, an expanded safety net, recently implemented in Chile as a response to low pension coverage rates, is introduced into the model to quantify its effects on labor supply, savings and the government budget.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 1136.

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    Date of creation: 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:1136

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    1. Gong, Xiaodong & van Soest, Arthur & Villagomez, Elizabeth, 2000. "Mobility in the Urban Labor Market: A Panel Data Analysis for Mexico," IZA Discussion Papers 213, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    8. Gindling, T H, 1991. "Labor Market Segmentation and the Determination of Wages in the Public, Private-Formal, and Informal Sectors in San Jose, Costa Rica," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(3), pages 584-605, April.
    9. Sergi Jiménez-Mart�n & Alfonso R. Sánchez Mart�n, 2007. "An evaluation of the life cycle effects of minimum pensions on retirement behavior," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(5), pages 923-950.
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