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Consumption Over the Life-Cycle

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  • Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier
  • Parker, Jonathan A

Abstract

This paper employs cohort technique and Consumer Expenditure Survey data to construct average age-profiles of consumption and income over the working lives of typical households across different education and occupation groups. Using these profiles, we estimate a structural model of optimal life-cycle consumption expenditures in the presence of realistic labour income uncertainty. The model fits the profiles quite well. In addition to providing tight estimates of the discount rate and risk aversion, we find that consumer behaviour changes strikingly over the life-cycle. Young consumers behave as buffer-stock agents. Around the age of 40, the typical household starts accumulating liquid assets for retirement and its behaviour mimics more closely that of a certainty equivalent consumer. This change in behaviour is mostly driven by the life-cycle profile of expected income. Our methodology provides a natural decomposition of saving into its precautionary and retirement components.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 2345.

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Date of creation: Jan 2000
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2345

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Keywords: Buffer Stocks; Life Cycle; Precautionary Savings; Simulated Moments;

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References

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  1. R. Glenn Hubbard & Jonathan Skinner & Stephen P. Zeldes, 1993. "The Importance of Precautionary Motives in Explaining Individual and Aggregate Saving," NBER Working Papers 4516, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  1. Performing Consumption Smoothing
    by Mike in Rortybomb on 2009-05-29 19:01:10
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  1. Quantitative Macroeconomics and Real Business Cycles (QM&RBC)

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