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Dollarization Persistence and Individual Heterogeneity

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  • Paul Castillo

    ()
    (London School of Economics, Central Bank of Peru)

  • Diego Winkelried

    ()
    (St John’s College, University of Cambridge)

Abstract

The most salient feature of financial dollarization, and the one that causes more concern to policy makers, is its persistence: even after successful macroeconomic stabilizations, dollarization ratios often remain high. In this paper we claim that this persistence is connected to the fact that the participants in the dollar deposit market are fairly heterogenous, and so is the way they form their optimal currency portfolio.We develop as simple model when agents differ in their ability to process information, which turns out to be enough to generate persistence up on aggregation. We find empirical support for this claim with data from three Latin American countries and Poland.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its series Working Papers with number 2007-004.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2007-004

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Keywords: Dollarization; individual heterogeneity; persistence; aggregation;

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References

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  1. Ize, Alain & Yeyati, Eduardo Levy, 2003. "Financial dollarization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 323-347, March.
  2. Pablo E. Guidotti & Carlos A. Rodriguez, 1992. "Dollarization in Latin America: Gresham's Law in Reverse?," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(3), pages 518-544, September.
  3. Nicolo, Gianni De & Honohan, Patrick & Ize, Alain, 2005. "Dollarization of bank deposits: Causes and consequences," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1697-1727, July.
  4. Michelacci, Claudio, 2004. "Cross-sectional heterogeneity and the persistence of aggregate fluctuations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(7), pages 1321-1352, October.
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  19. Antonio Garcia Pascual & Jorge Cayazzo & Socorro Heysen & Eva Gutierrez, 2006. "Toward An Effective Supervision of Partially Dollarized Banking Systems," IMF Working Papers 06/32, International Monetary Fund.
  20. Arteta Carlos O., 2005. "Exchange Rate Regimes and Financial Dollarization: Does Flexibility Reduce Currency Mismatches in Bank Intermediation?," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-30, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Brown, Martin & De Haas, Ralph & Sokolov, Vladimir, . "Regional Inflation and Financial Dollarization," Working Papers on Finance 1327, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
  2. Carlos E. León Rincón & Alejandro Revéiz Herault, 2008. "La dolarización financiera: experiencia internacional y perspectivas para Colombia," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 10(18), pages 313-341, January-J.
  3. Winkelried, Diego, 2013. "Modelo de Proyección Trimestral del BCRP: Actualización y novedades," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 26, pages 9-60.
  4. Paul Castillo & Alberto Humala & Vicente Tuesta, 2007. "Monetary Policy, Regime Shifts, and Inflation Uncertainty in Peru (1949-2006)," Working Papers 2007-005, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  5. Sanchez Alan, 2006. "Financial Dollarization, the portfolio approach and expectations: evidence for Latin America (1995-2005)," Working Papers 2006-010, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  6. Rossini, Renzo & Quispe, Zenón & Rodríguez, Donita, 2013. "Flujo de capitales, política monetaria e intervención cambiaria en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 25, pages 39-50.
  7. Brown, M. & Haas, R. de & Sokolov, V., 2013. "Regional Inflation and Financial Dollarization," Discussion Paper 2013-073, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.

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