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Monetary policy in a dollarised economy: The case of Peru

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  • Quispe Misaico, Zenon

Abstract

Persistent high inflation in Peru during the 1970s led households to hold foreign currency as store of value. This process of dollarisation increased significantly during the hyperinflation of 1988-90. In the years that followed, a wide-ranging package of reforms in the financial system and in the conduct of monetary policy and fiscal policy were introduced to bring a halt to the hyperinflation. But despite nearly a decade of subsequent economic stabilisation, the decrease in dollarisation has been slow: by June 1999 two thirds of domestic banking deposits were still denominated in dollars, only ten percentage points below their level in 1991. How has dollarisation affected the efficacy of monetary policy in Peru? In theory, under dollarisation, revisions in expectations of devaluation can lead to instability of the domestic money demand, making monetary control more difficult. But instability in the demand for base money would seem to arise more from a dollarisation characterised by currency substitution (using dollars for transactions) than one characterised by asset substitution (using dollars as a store of wealth).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 35530.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:35530

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Keywords: Monetary policy; Dollarisation;

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References

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  1. Eric M. Leeper & Christopher A. Sims & Tao Zha, 1996. "What Does Monetary Policy Do?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(2), pages 1-78.
  2. Cushman, David O. & Zha, Tao, 1997. "Identifying monetary policy in a small open economy under flexible exchange rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 433-448, August.
  3. Bernanke, Ben S. & Mihov, Ilian, 1997. "What does the Bundesbank target?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1025-1053, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Ize, Alain, 2001. "Implicancias de la dolarización parcial para el régimen de metas de inflación: Un análisis basado en la literatura sobre dolarización," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 7.
  2. Castillo, Paul & Perez, Fernando & Tuesta, Vicente, 2010. "Los Mecanismos de Transmisión de la Política Monetaria en Perú," Working Papers 2010-013, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  3. Paul Castillo & Alberto Humala & Vicente Tuesta, 2007. "Monetary Policy, Regime Shifts, and Inflation Uncertainty in Peru (1949-2006)," Working Papers 2007-005, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  4. Paul Castillo & Diego Winkelried, 2005. "Dollarization Persistence and Individual Heterogeneity," Macroeconomics 0512014, EconWPA, revised 31 Dec 2005.
  5. Renzo Rossini & Zenon Quispe & Rocío Gondo, 2008. "Macroeconomic implications of capital inflows: Peru 1991–2007," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Financial globalisation and emerging market capital flows, volume 44, pages 363-387 Bank for International Settlements.
  6. Llosa, Gonzalo & Tuesta, Vicente & Vega, Marco, 2006. "Un modelo de proyección BVAR para la inflación peruana," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 13.

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