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Returns to Education in Bangladesh

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  • Mohammad Niaz Asadullah (SKOPE, Department of Economics)

Abstract

This paper reports labour market returns to education in Bangladesh using national level household survey data. Returns are estimated separately for rural and urban samples, males, females and private sector employees. Substantial heterogeneity in returns is observed; e.g. estimates are higher for urban (than rural sample) and female samples (compared to their male counterparts). Our ordinary least square estimates of returns to education are robust to control for types of schools attended by individuals and selection into wage work.

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Paper provided by Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford in its series QEH Working Papers with number qehwps130.

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Handle: RePEc:qeh:qehwps:qehwps130

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  1. David Card, 2000. "Estimating the Return to Schooling: Progress on Some Persistent Econometric Problems," NBER Working Papers 7769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Lee Benham, 1974. "Benefits of Women's Education within Marriage," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 375-394 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Tayyeb Shabbir, 1994. "Mincerian Earnings Function for Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 33(1), pages 1-18.
  4. Harmon, C & Ian Walker, 1995. "Estimates of the economic return to schooling for the UK," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W95/12, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. Lee Benham, 1974. "Benefits of Women's Education within Marriage," NBER Chapters, in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 57-75 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Colm Harmon & Hessel Oosterbeek & Ian Walker, 2003. "The Returns to Education: Microeconomics," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 115-156, 04.
  7. Behrman, J.R. & Ross, D. & Sabot, R. & Alderman, H., 1995. "The Returns to endogenous Human Capital in Pakistan's Rural Wage Labour Market," Center for Development Economics, Department of Economics, Williams College 141, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  8. Geeta Gandhi Kingdon, 1998. "Does the labour market explain lower female schooling in India?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 39-65.
  9. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
  10. Benham, Lee, 1974. "Benefits of Women's Education within Marriage," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(2), pages S57-S71, Part II, .
  11. Chiswick, Barry R., 1997. "Interpreting the coefficient of schooling in the human capital earnings function," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1790, The World Bank.
  12. M. Niaz Asadullah, 2005. "The effect of class size on student achievement: evidence from Bangladesh," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 217-221.
  13. François Bourguignon & Martin Fournier & Marc Gurgand, 2002. "Selection Bias Correction Based on the Multinomial Logit Model," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2002-04, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  14. Trostel, Philip & Walker, Ian & Woolley, Paul, 2002. "Estimates of the economic return to schooling for 28 countries," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 1-16, February.
  15. Psacharopoulos, George, 1993. "Returns to investment in education : a global update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1067, The World Bank.
  16. Behrman, Jere R & Birdsall, Nancy, 1983. "The Quality of Schooling: Quantity Alone is Misleading," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 928-46, December.
  17. Schultz, T. Paul, 1988. "Education investments and returns," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 13, pages 543-630 Elsevier.
  18. Paul Glewwe, 2002. "Schools and Skills in Developing Countries: Education Policies and Socioeconomic Outcomes," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(2), pages 436-482, June.
  19. Butcher, Kristin F & Case, Anne, 1994. "The Effect of Sibling Sex Composition on Women's Education and Earnings," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 109(3), pages 531-63, August.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. M. Niaz Asadullah & Antonio Savoia & Wahiduddin Mahmud, 2013. "Paths to development: is there a Bangladesh surprise?," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series, BWPI, The University of Manchester 18913, BWPI, The University of Manchester.
  2. Aslam, Monazza & Kingdon, Geeta, 2009. "Public-private sector segmentation in the Pakistani labour market," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 34-49, January.
  3. M. Niaz Asadullah, 2012. "Intergenerational Wealth Mobility in Rural Bangladesh," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(9), pages 1193-1208, September.
  4. Mohammad Niaz Asadullah, . "Returns to Private and Public Education in Bangladesh and Pakistan: A Comparative Analysis," QEH Working Papers, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford qehwps167, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  5. Mohammad Niaz Asadullah (Reading University) and Nazmul Chaudhury (World Bank), . "Religious Schools, Social Values and Economic Attitudes: Evidence from Bangladesh," QEH Working Papers, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford qehwps139, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  6. Maertens, Annemie, 2013. "Social Norms and Aspirations: Age of Marriage and Education in Rural India," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 1-15.
  7. Asadullah, M. Niaz & Rahman, Sanzidur, 2006. "Farm Productivity and Efficiency in Rural Bangladesh: The Role of Education Revisited," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia, International Association of Agricultural Economists 25482, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  8. Shafiq, M. Najeeb, 2007. "Household schooling and child labor decisions in rural Bangladesh," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 946-966, December.
  9. Mohammad Niaz Asadullah (Reading University), Nazmul Chaudhury (World Bank) and Amit Dar (World Bank), . "Student Achievement Conditioned Upon School Selection: Religious and Secular Secondary School Quality in Bangladesh," QEH Working Papers, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford qehwps140, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  10. Asadullah, Mohammad Niaz, 2006. "Pay differences between teachers and other occupations: Some empirical evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 1044-1065, December.
  11. Stuart Cameron & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2012. "The Urban Divide: Poor and middle class children’s experiences of school in Dhaka, Bangladesh," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa672, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  12. Naomi Hossain, 2009. "School Exclusion as Social Exclusion: The Practices And Effects of Conditional Cash Transfer Programme for the Poor in Bangladesh," Working Papers id:2177, eSocialSciences.
  13. Safana, Shaheen & Masood, Sarwar & Muhammad, Waqas & Amir, Aslam, 2012. "Economic Analysis of Earnings in Pakistan: A Case of Sargodha District," MPRA Paper 41923, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Kapsos, Steven, 2008. "The gender wage gap in Bangladesh," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 413417, International Labour Organization.
  15. Monazza Aslam, 2006. "Rates of Return to Education by Gender in Pakistan," Economics Series Working Papers GPRG-WPS-064, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  16. Jesus Crespo Cuaresma & Anna Raggl, 2014. "The dynamics of returns to education in Uganda: National and subnational trends," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp169, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.

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