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Optimal versus realized bank credit risk and monetary policy

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  • Delis, Manthos
  • Karavias, Yiannis

Abstract

Standard banking theory suggests that there exists an optimal level of credit risk that yields maximum bank profit. We identify the optimal level of risk-weighted assets that maximizes banks’ returns in the full sample of US banks over the period 1996–2011. We find that this optimal level is cyclical, being higher than the realized credit risk in relatively stable periods with high profit opportunities for banks but quickly decreasing below the realized in periods of turmoil. We place this cyclicality into the nexus between bank risk and monetary policy. We show that a contractionary monetary policy in stable periods, where the optimal credit risk is higher than the realized credit risk, increases the gap between them. An increase in this gap also comes as a result of an expansionary monetary policy in bad economic periods, where the realized risk is higher than the optimal risk.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 49795.

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Date of creation: 13 Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49795

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Keywords: Banks; Optimal credit risk; Profit maximization; Monetary policy;

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Cited by:
  1. Agur, Itai & Demertzis, Maria, 2013. "“Leaning against the wind” and the timing of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 179-194.

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