Chinese statistics: classification systems and data sources
AbstractChina has become a popular geographic area of research. Researchers make extensive use of Chinese official statistics, but these statistics are often not well understood. This article first clarifies three major issues that affect a wide range of Chinese statistics—from output and employment data to industry profitability—and then elaborates on data sources. The three data issues are changes over time to the sectoral classification system, changes to the ownership classification system, and changes to the coverage of the industry sector. Many of these changes have gone unnoticed or remain poorly understood, leaving the researcher puzzled about varying labels, apparently inconsistent data, and discontinued time series. The second part of the paper offers a gateway to a wealth of Chinese statistics whose existence is not widely known. It also points out the limitations of some of these sources and provides an overview of the secondary literature that discusses the meaning and quality of particular Chinese statistics.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 43869.
Date of creation: 07 Jan 2013
Date of revision:
(all: China) national income accounting; national statistical system; China Standard Industrial Classification System; industrial statistics coverage; ownership classification system; national statistical data sources/limitations/explanations;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
- C82 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data; Data Access
- P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Knight, John & Ding, Sai, 2012. "China's Remarkable Economic Growth," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199698691, October.
- Chow, Gregory C, 1993.
"Capital Formation and Economic Growth in China,"
The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press,
MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 809-42, August.
- Chow, G.C., 1990. "Capital Formation And Economic Growth In China," Papers, Princeton, Department of Economics - Econometric Research Program 356, Princeton, Department of Economics - Econometric Research Program.
- Chow, G.C., 1990. "Capital Formation And Economic Growth In China," Papers, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Discussion Paper 67, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Discussion Paper.
- Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 1999. " When Economic Reform Is Faster Than Statistical Reform: Measuring and Explaining Income Inequality in Rural China," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(1), pages 33-56, February.
- Shuzhuo Li & Yexia Zhang & Marcus Feldman, 2010. "Birth Registration in China: Practices, Problems and Policies," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 297-317, June.
- Huenemann, Ralph W., 2001. "Are China's recent transport statistics plausible?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 368-372.
- Rawski, Thomas G. & Mead, Robert W., 1998. "On the trail of China's phantom farmers," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 767-781, May.
- Giles, John & Park, Albert & Zhang, Juwei, 2005. "What is China's true unemployment rate?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 149-170.
- Scharping, Thomas, 2001. "Hide-and-seek: China's elusive population data," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 323-332.
- Cai Fang, 2004. "The Consistency of China's Statistics on Employment : Stylized Facts and Implications for Public Policies," Chinese Economy, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 37(5), pages 74-89, September.
- Sinton, Jonathan E., 2001. "Accuracy and reliability of China's energy statistics," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 373-383.
- Sinton, Jonathan E. & Fridley, David G., 2000. "What goes up: recent trends in China's energy consumption," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(10), pages 671-687, August.
- Zheng, Jingping, 2001. "China's official statistics: Growing with full vitality," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 333-337.
- Mehrotra, Aaron & Pääkkönen, Jenni, 2011.
"Comparing China's GDP statistics with coincident indicators,"
Journal of Comparative Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 406-411, September.
- Mehrotra, Aaron & Paakkonen, Jenni, 2011. "Comparing China’s GDP Statistics with Coincident Indicators," BOFIT Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition 1/2011, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
- Harry X Wu, 1991. "The "Real" Chinese Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the Pre-Reform Period 1952/1977," Chinese Economies Research Centre (CERC) Working Papers, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre 1991-07, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre.
- Chen, Shaohua & Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Data in transition: Assessing rural living standards in Southern China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 23-56.
- Gibson, John & Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott, 2001. "Why is income inequality so low in China compared to other countries?: The effect of household survey methods," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 71(3), pages 329-333, June.
- Wu, Harry X, 1993. "The "Real" Chinese Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the Pre-reform Period 1952-77," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(1), pages 63-86, March.
- John Knight & Jinjun Xue, 2006. "How High is Urban Unemployment in China?," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 91-107.
- Holz, Carsten A, 2013. "Monthly industrial output in China since 1983," MPRA Paper 43867, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Holz, Carsten, 2013.
"The Quality of China's GDP Statistics,"
51864, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Carsten A. Holz, 2014. "The Quality of China’s GDP Statistics," a/ Working Papers Series, Italian Association for the Study of Economic Asymmetries, Rome (Italy) 1403, Italian Association for the Study of Economic Asymmetries, Rome (Italy).
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ekkehart Schlicht).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.