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Innovation, productivity, and export: Evidence from SMEs in Lower Normandy, France

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  • Movahedi, Mohammad
  • Gaussens, Olivier

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the crucial relationship between innovation, productivity, and export in SMEs. The primary aims of this study are 1) to evaluate the role of innovation in the premium export; and 2) to test the hypothesis of firm conscious self-selection on willing to export. To this end, our database of SMEs, obtained from the survey conducted in the IDEIS project, provides highly pertinent information on innovation and export areas. We first evaluate apparent premium of exportation and that of innovation. In addition, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the export premium for high exportation firms that implement process and organization innovations. Finally, we analyse the effect of conscious self-selection from the export process that transforms an intention to export into a setting in capacity to export in short term. Conscious selfselection on willing to export is revealed by simultaneously endogeneizing productivity and innovation output based on recursive non-linear model.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/40443/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40443.

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Date of creation: 07 Sep 2011
Date of revision: 07 Jun 2012
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40443

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Keywords: Export process; Productivity; Export premium; Innovation premium;

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  1. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
  2. Hopenhayn, Hugo A, 1992. "Entry, Exit, and Firm Dynamics in Long Run Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(5), pages 1127-50, September.
  3. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, 01.
  4. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
  5. Nathalie Greenan, 1996. "Progrès technique et changements organisationnels : leur impact sur l'emploi et les qualifications," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 298(1), pages 35-44.
  6. Jože P. Damijan & Črt Kostevc & Sašo Polanec, 2010. "From Innovation to Exporting or Vice Versa?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 374-398, 03.
  7. Matthieu Crozet & Isabelle Méjean & Soledad Zignago, 2008. "Plus grandes, plus fortes, plus loin... Performances relatives des firmes exportatrices françaises," Working Papers 2008-26, CEPII research center.
  8. Alfred SPIELKAMP & Christian RAMMER, 2009. "Financing of innovations – thresholds and options," Management & Marketing, Economic Publishing House, vol. 4(2), Summer.
  9. Sourafel Girma & Holger Görg & Aoife Hanley, 2008. "R&D and Exporting: A Comparison of British and Irish Firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 144(4), pages 750-773, December.
  10. Crepon, B. & Duguet, E. & Mairesse, J., 1998. "Research Investment, Innovation and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level," Papiers d'Economie Mathématique et Applications 98.15, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
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  12. Andrew B. Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2003. "Plants and Productivity in International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1268-1290, September.
  13. Bruno Crepon & Emmanuel Duguet & Jacques Mairesse, 1998. "Research, Innovation, and Productivity: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level," NBER Working Papers 6696, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Yeaple, Stephen Ross, 2005. "A simple model of firm heterogeneity, international trade, and wages," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 1-20, January.
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  16. Sascha O. Becker & Peter Egger, 2007. "Endogenous Product versus Process Innovation and a Firm’s Propensity to Export," CESifo Working Paper Series 1906, CESifo Group Munich.
  17. Aida Caldera, 2010. "Innovation and exporting: evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(4), pages 657-689, December.
  18. Flora Bellone & Sarah Guillou & Lionel Nesta, 2009. "Are Export Premia Robust to Innovation Statistics ?," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2009-15, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  19. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Michel Quéré, 2006. "Caractéristiques et performances des firmes exportatrices françaises," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 98(3), pages 183-212.
  20. Rachel Griffith & Elena Huergo & Jacques Mairesse & Bettina Peters, 2006. "Innovation and Productivity Across Four European Countries," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 22(4), pages 483-498, Winter.
  21. Thomas Hatzichronoglou, 1997. "Revision of the High-Technology Sector and Product Classification," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 1997/2, OECD Publishing.
  22. Juan A. Máñez-Castillejo & María E. Rochina-Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis, 2009. "Self-selection into Exports: Productivity and/or Innovation?," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 55(3), pages 219-242.
  23. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
  24. Rahobisoa Herimalala & Olivier Gaussens, 2012. "X-Efficiency of Innovation Processes: Evaluation Based on Data Envelopment Analysis," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201215, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
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