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Innovation, productivité et exportation : Y-a-t-il un effet d'auto-sélection consciente? Une étude empirique sur les PMI de basse-Normandie

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  • Mohammad Movahedi

    (University of Caen Basse-Normandie - CREM-CNRS, France)

  • Olivier Gaussens

    (University of Caen Basse-Normandie - CREM-CNRS, France)

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the relationship between innovation, productivity and exports regarding the SMEs. The main research aim of this study consists in analyzing the hypothesis of firms’ conscious self-selection in the export markets. To measure innovation, we consider the dimensions of technological as well as non technological innovation, as defined by the Oslo Manual (2005). To achieve this, we use the database of SMEs obtained from the survey conducted in the project IDEIS. First, we highlight the existence of export as well as innovation apparent premium, i.e. the advantage of exporting (innovative) firms versus non-exporting (not innovative) ones in terms of productivity. In addition, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the export premium for firms carried out process and organization innovations with the enough exportation. Finally we show the firms’ conscious self-selection in export markets in endogenizing productivity through innovation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS in its series Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) with number 201123.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201123

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Postal: CREM (UMR CNRS 6211) - Faculty of Economics, 7 place Hoche, 35065 Rennes Cedex - France
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Keywords: Innovation; Productivity; Exportation; Conscious self-selection;

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References

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  1. Matthieu Crozet & Isabelle Méjean & Soledad Zignago, 2008. "Plus grandes, plus fortes, plus loin... Performances relatives des firmes exportatrices françaises," Working Papers 2008-26, CEPII research center.
  2. Paula Bustos, 2009. "Trade Liberalization, Exports and Technology Upgrading: Evidence on the Impact of MERCOSUR on Argentinean Firms," 2009 Meeting Papers 1029, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Michel Quéré, 2006. "Caractéristiques et performances des firmes exportatrices françaises," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7184, Sciences Po.
  4. Sascha Becker & Peter Egger, 2013. "Endogenous product versus process innovation and a firm’s propensity to export," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 329-354, February.
  5. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
  6. Caves, Douglas W & Christensen, Laurits R & Diewert, W Erwin, 1982. "Multilateral Comparisons of Output, Input, and Productivity Using Superlative Index Numbers," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(365), pages 73-86, March.
  7. Sourafel Girma & Holger Görg & Aoife Hanley, . "R&D and exporting: A comparison of British and Irish firms," Discussion Papers 07/18, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  8. Hopenhayn, Hugo A, 1992. "Entry, Exit, and Firm Dynamics in Long Run Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(5), pages 1127-50, September.
  9. Flora Bellone & Sarah Guillou & Lionel Nesta, 2009. "Are Export Premia Robust to Innovation Statistics ?," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2009-15, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  10. Cassiman, Bruno & Golovko, Elena, 2007. "Innovation and the Export-productivity Link," CEPR Discussion Papers 6411, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2007. "Firm heterogeneity, exporting and foreign direct investment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(517), pages F134-F161, 02.
  12. Juan A. Máñez-Castillejo & María E. Rochina-Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis-Llopis, 2009. "Self-selection into Exports: Productivity and/or Innovation?," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 55(3), pages 219-242.
  13. Thomas Hatzichronoglou, 1997. "Revision of the High-Technology Sector and Product Classification," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 1997/2, OECD Publishing.
  14. Aida Caldera, 2010. "Innovation and exporting: evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(4), pages 657-689, December.
  15. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-70, May.
  16. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
  17. Jože P. Damijan & Črt Kostevc & Sašo Polanec, 2010. "From Innovation to Exporting or Vice Versa?," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 374-398, 03.
  18. Cassiman, Bruno & Golovko, Elena & Martínez-Ros, Ester, 2010. "Innovation, exports and productivity," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 372-376, July.
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