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Product and Process Innovation and the decision to Export: Firm-level evidence for Belgium

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  • Ilke VAN BEVEREN

    (Lessius University College, Department of Business Studies, Antwerp and Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

  • Hylke VANDENBUSSCHE

    (Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance and § CEPR.)

Abstract

Using data from the Community Innovation Survey for Belgium in two consecutive periods, this paper explores the relationship between firm-level innovation activities and the propensity to start exporting. To measure innovation, we include indicators of both innovative effort (R&D activities) as well as innovative output (product and process innovation). Our results suggest that the combination of product and process innovation, rather than either of the two in isolation, increases a firm’s probability to enter the export market. After controlling for potential endogeneity of the innovation activities, only firms with a sufficiently high probability to start exporting engage in product and process innovation prior to their entry on the export market, pointing to the importance of self-selection into innovation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) with number 2009032.

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Length: 31
Date of creation: 14 Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2009032

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Postal: Place Montesquieu 3, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)
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Web page: http://www.uclouvain.be/ires
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Keywords: Exports; Product innovation; Process innovation; Self-selection; Firm heterogeneity;

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  1. Carrasco, R., 1998. "Binary Choice with Binary Endogenous Regressors in Panel Data: Estimating the Effect of Fertility on Female Labour Participation," Papers 9805, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
  2. Klepper, Steven, 1996. "Entry, Exit, Growth, and Innovation over the Product Life Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 562-83, June.
  3. Hopenhayn, Hugo A, 1992. "Entry, Exit, and Firm Dynamics in Long Run Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(5), pages 1127-50, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Dahai Fu & Yanrui Wu & Yihong Tang, 2011. "Does Innovation Matter for Chinese High-Tech Exports? A Firm-Level Analysis," Economics Discussion / Working Papers 11-21, The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics.
  2. Keiko ITO, 2012. "Sources of Learning-by-Exporting Effects: Does Exporting Promote Innovation?," Working Papers DP-2012-06, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).

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