Does Weather Actually Affect Tipping? An Empirical Analysis of Time Series Data
AbstractPrior literature has found evidence that pleasant weather conditions (namely sunshine) lead to higher tip rates, presumably because pleasant weather improves the moods of either servers or patrons. But previous studies involved only a few dozen subjects on at most a handful of days. We remedy this small-sample deficiency by examining two years of sales data on thousands of customers at a busy restaurant. We find no statistically significant relationship between sunshine and tipping. Thus, tipping appears to be better explained as an institutional standard or norm rather than as a prosocial behavior that can be modulated by weather-induced changes in mood.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 25118.
Date of creation: May 2010
Date of revision:
Tipping; Weather; Prosocial; Helping; Sunshine;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy
- M30 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Marketing and Advertising - - - General
- J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-09-25 (All new papers)
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