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Preference aggregation theory without acyclicity: The core without majority dissatisfaction

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  • Kumabe, Masahiro
  • Mihara, H. Reiju

Abstract

Acyclicity of individual preferences is a minimal assumption in social choice theory. We replace that assumption by the direct assumption that preferences have maximal elements on a fixed agenda. We show that the core of a simple game is nonempty for all profiles of such preferences if and only if the number of alternatives in the agenda is less than the Nakamura number of the game. The same is true if we replace the core by the core without majority dissatisfaction, obtained by deleting from the agenda all the alternatives that are non-maximal for all players in a winning coalition. Unlike the core, the core without majority dissatisfaction depends only onthe players' sets of maximal elements and is included in the union of such sets. A result for an extended framework gives another sense in which the core without majority dissatisfaction behaves better than the core.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 11728.

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Date of creation: 24 Nov 2008
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:11728

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Keywords: Core; Nakamura number; kappa number; simple games; voting games; maximal elements; acyclic preferences; limit ordinals;

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  1. Attila Ambrus & Kareen Rozen, 2012. "Rationalizing Choice with Multi-Self Models," Working Papers 12-11, Duke University, Department of Economics.
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  12. Kumabe, Masahiro & Mihara, H. Reiju, 2008. "Computability of simple games: A characterization and application to the core," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(3-4), pages 348-366, February.
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  19. H. Reiju Mihara, 1997. "Arrow's Theorem, countably many agents, and more visible invisible dictators," Public Economics 9705001, EconWPA, revised 07 May 1997.
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Cited by:
  1. Kumabe, Masahiro & Mihara, H. Reiju, 2006. "Computability of simple games: A complete investigation of the sixty-four possibilities," MPRA Paper 440, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Momo Kenfack, Joseph Armel & Pongou, Roland & Tchantcho, Bertrand, 2014. "The stability of decision making in committees: The one-core," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(3), pages 390-395.

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