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Trends in Time Allocation: A Cross-Country Analysis

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  • Almudena Sevilla-Sanz
  • Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal

Abstract

Using detailed time-use data for seven industrialized countries from the 1970s until today we document general decreases in men's market work coupled with increases in men's unpaid work and child care, and increases in women's paid work and child care coupled with decreases in unpaid work.� We also find almost universal increases in the time devoted to watching television over this period, and uncover a widespread increase in leisure inequality in favour of lower educated adults.� Trends in leisure inequality mirror the general increase in income and earnings inequality experienced in most countries over this period, especially after the mid-1980s.� All tlhese findings are consistent with previous results for the US.� However, in contrast to the increases in leisure found for the US, we fail to find common trends in leisure time across countries over the period analyzed.� By uncovering how individuals allocate their time outside of the market for a wide range of industrialized countries over a long period of time, our results may improve our understanding of the dynamics of economic change and welfare.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 547.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2011
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:547

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Keywords: Time use survey; Leisure inequality;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jungmin Lee & Daiji Kawaguchi & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2011. "Aggregate Impacts of a Gift of Time," NBER Working Papers 17649, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Grossbard, Shoshana & Mukhopadhyay, Sankar, 2012. "Children, Spousal Love, and Happiness: An Economic Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 7119, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Gimenez-Nadal, Jose Ignacio & Molina, José Alberto, 2012. "Regional Unemployment, Gender and Time Allocation of the Unemployed," IZA Discussion Papers 7043, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Bernhard Hammer & Alexia Prskawetz & Inga Freund, 2014. "Reallocation of Resources Across Age in a Comparative European Setting," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 13, WWWforEurope.
  5. repec:feu:wfewop:y:2013:m:9:d:0:i:13 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Kawaguchi, Daiji & Lee, Jungmin & Hamermesh, Daniel S., 2013. "A gift of time," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 205-216.
  7. repec:feu:wfewop:y:2013:m:7:d:0:i:13 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Tamar Khitarishvili & Kijong Kim, 2014. "The Great Recession and Unpaid Work Time in the United States: Does Poverty Matter?," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_806, Levy Economics Institute.
  9. Vivien Procher & Nolan Ritter & Colin Vance, 2014. "Making Dough or Baking Dough? Spousal Housework Responsibilities in Germany, 1992-2011," Ruhr Economic Papers 0472, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  10. J. Gimenez-Nadal & Jose Molina, 2013. "Parents’ education as a determinant of educational childcare time," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 719-749, April.
  11. Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & Sevilla, Almudena, 2013. "Low-Skilled Immigration and Parenting Investments of College-Educated Mothers in the United States: Evidence from Time-Use Data," IZA Discussion Papers 7501, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Almudena Sevilla, 2014. "On the importance of time diary data and introduction to a special issue on time use research," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-6, March.
  13. Christina Boll & Julian Leppin & Nora Reich, 2014. "Paternal childcare and parental leave policies: evidence from industrialized countries," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 129-158, March.
  14. Ekert-Jaffe, Olivia & Grossbard, Shoshana, 2011. "Time Costs of Children as Parents' Foregone Leisure," IZA Discussion Papers 5760, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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