Human Capital, Urbanization, and Canadian Provincial Growth
AbstractThis paper investigates the conditional convergence of both human capital indicators and nominal per capita income across Canadian provinces in a panel-data empirical framework. Long-run relative provincial steady states are determined by relative rates of urbanization, onetime shocks to Quebec’s and Alberta’s relative steady states, and a Nova Scotia fixed effect. Indicators of relative human capital ratios appear to have converged following a pattern that is common and similar to per capita income but with two notable exceptions. First, in Alberta, the 1973 oil shock contributed to the rise in per capita income but its effect on human capital is significant only for females. Second, human capital appears to remain concentrated in the relatively poor province of Nova Scotia. Two notable findings come out of the analysis. First, nominal income disparities at the provincial level appear to be real, not just nominal. Second, the analysis suggests that at the regional level, human capital is a necessary but not sufficient condition for being wealthier in the long run.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0105E.
Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
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More information through EDIRC
convergence; urbanization; regional growth; human capital; Canadian regions; neoclassical growth model;
Other versions of this item:
- Serge Coulombe, 2003. "Human Capital, Urbanization and Canadian Provincial Growth," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(3), pages 239-250.
- O41 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
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