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Computing business-as-usual with a representative agent and a pollution externality

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  • Shiell, Leslie
  • Lyssenko, Nikita

Abstract

Computing the no-policy equilibrium (business-as-usual) in a representative-agent (RA) model is complicated by the presence of a pollution externality, since simple optimization internalizes the pollution cost. Many researchers use ad-hoc methods, but there is no way to know how reliable these are. A solution is presented in which the RA model is divided into N identical components, each identified with its own sub-agent. Sub-agents play a dynamic game, leading to a Nash equilibrium. For sufficiently large N, this approach keeps most of the pollution cost external, and in the limit it is equivalent to a myopic-firms model, in which the entire cost is external. This approach has the advantage of theoretical consistency, and empirical applications indicate that it is easily implemented.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control.

Volume (Year): 32 (2008)
Issue (Month): 5 (May)
Pages: 1543-1568

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Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:32:y:2008:i:5:p:1543-1568

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Cited by:
  1. Armon Rezai & Frederick van der Ploeg & Cees Withagen, 2012. "The Optimal Carbon Tax and Economic Growth: Additive versus multiplicative damages," OxCarre Working Papers 093, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  2. Rezai, Armon & van der Ploeg, Frederick, 2014. "Abandoning Fossil Fuel: How Fast And How Much?," CEPR Discussion Papers 9921, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Armon Rezai, 2011. "The Opportunity Cost of Climate Policy: A Question of Reference," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 113(4), pages 885-903, December.

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