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Property Crime with Private Protection: A Market-for-Offenses Approach

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Author Info

  • Louis Hotte

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

  • Fabrice Valognes

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Mathematics, University of Le Havre)

  • Tanguy van Ypersele

    ()
    (Université de Aix-Marseille 2)

Abstract

We analyze property crime in an endowment economy composed of a large number of heterogeneous individuals who need to protect themselves, choose whether to participate in crime or not, and decide on how to allocate their predation efforts across victims. The equilibrium posits perfect foresight by all and the crime payoff clears the market between victims’ losses and criminals’ gains. We obtain that the crime payoff summarizes all the relevant information concerning the state of the crime environment as far as individual welfare is concerned. The burden of crime, expressed as losses relative to initial wealth, is evenly distributed between rich and poor individuals, inclusive of the protection effort. In absolute terms, the rich spend more on protection and lose more from crime. We derive a necessary and sufficient under which wealth redistribution increases crime. Under a weak sufficient condition, economic development tends to reduce the burden of crime for all, regardless of how its fruits are distributed. The predictions of the model accord well with existing empirical results

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0901E.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0901e

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Keywords: Private Protection; Economic Development; Inequality;

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References

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  1. Isabel Busom, 2000. "An Empirical Evaluation of The Effects of R&D Subsidies," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 111-148.
  2. Karolina Ekholm & Johan Torstensson, 1997. "High-Technology Subsidies in General Equilibrium: A Sector-Specific Approach," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1184-1203, November.
  3. Minoru Kitahara & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2006. "Realized Cost-Based Subsidies For Strategic R&D Investments With "Ex Ante" And "Ex Post" Asymmetries," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 57(3), pages 438-448.
  4. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1998. "R&D Competition in a Mixed Duopoly under Uncertainty and Easy Imitation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 415-428, September.
  5. Martin, Stephen & Scott, John T., 2000. "The nature of innovation market failure and the design of public support for private innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 437-447, April.
  6. Lakdawalla, Darius & Sood, Neeraj, 2004. "Social insurance and the design of innovation incentives," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 57-61, October.
  7. Miyagiwa, Kaz & Ohno, Yuka, 2002. "Uncertainty, spillovers, and cooperative R&D," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 855-876, June.
  8. Klette, T.J. & Moen, J. & Griliches, Z., 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies," Papers 16/99, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  9. Petrakis, Emmanuel & Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 2002. "R&D Subsidies versus R&D Cooperation in a Duopoly with Spillovers and Pollution," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1), pages 37-52, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Florian Baumann & Tim Friehe, 2012. "Private Protection against Crime when Property Value is Private Information," CESifo Working Paper Series 3888, CESifo Group Munich.

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