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The Internal Migration of the Immigrant and Native-Born populations in Canada between 1976 and 1996

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  • Gilles Grenier

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa)

Abstract

International immigration has changed not only the ethnic and cultural composition of the Canadian society, but it has also altered its geographical dispersion. Immigrants tend to locate in the major urban areas and thus contribute to accentuate the geographic concentration of the population. Some immigrants go to less populated areas, but many do not stay. The purpose of this paper is to look at the internal migration patterns of immigrants after they arrive in Canada and to compare them to those of the Canadianborn population. The study uses data from the four Canadian censuses of 1981, 1986, 1991 and 1996. The dependent variable is the probability of a migration during the five years that precede each census. Two variants are considered: (1) mobility between provinces and (2) mobility within and between provinces with an ordered choice model. The independent variables are the usual ones related to human capital and characteristics of the regions. Some of the results are: immigrants are on average less mobile than the Canadian-born, except at the local level; however, immigrants are more mobile than the Canadians who still live in their province of birth; mobility between provinces has decreased between 1976 and 1996; immigrants respond in a different way than the Canadian-born to some of the variables that determine mobility; immigrants tend to leave in larger proportions than the Canadian-born the provinces where there are few immigrants.

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File URL: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/eco/pdf/cahiers/0702E-old.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0301E.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:0301e

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Keywords: Immigrants; Canada; internal migration; mobility; provinces;

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References

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  1. Mary Kritz & June Nogle, 1994. "Nativity concentration and internal migration among the foreign-born," Demography, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 509-524, August.
  2. Isabel Busom, 2000. "An Empirical Evaluation of The Effects of R&D Subsidies," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 111-148.
  3. Klette, T.J. & Moen, J. & Griliches, Z., 1999. "Do Subsidies to Commercial R&D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies," Papers 16/99, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
  4. Minoru Kitahara & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2006. "Realized Cost-Based Subsidies For Strategic R&D Investments With "Ex Ante" And "Ex Post" Asymmetries," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 57(3), pages 438-448.
  5. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1998. "R&D Competition in a Mixed Duopoly under Uncertainty and Easy Imitation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 415-428, September.
  6. Lakdawalla, Darius & Sood, Neeraj, 2004. "Social insurance and the design of innovation incentives," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 57-61, October.
  7. Kathleen M. Day & Stanley L. Winer, 2001. "Policy-induced Migration in Canada: An Empirical Study," Carleton Economic Papers 01-08, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
  8. Karolina Ekholm & Johan Torstensson, 1997. "High-Technology Subsidies in General Equilibrium: A Sector-Specific Approach," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1184-1203, November.
  9. Miyagiwa, Kaz & Ohno, Yuka, 2002. "Uncertainty, spillovers, and cooperative R&D," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 855-876, June.
  10. Ann P. Bartel & Marianne J. Koch, 1991. "Internal Migration of U.S. Immigrants," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market, pages 121-134 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Petrakis, Emmanuel & Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 2002. "R&D Subsidies versus R&D Cooperation in a Duopoly with Spillovers and Pollution," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1), pages 37-52, March.
  12. Martin, Stephen & Scott, John T., 2000. "The nature of innovation market failure and the design of public support for private innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 437-447, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Michaelides, Marios, 2009. "The effect of local ties, wages, and housing costs on migration decisions," MPRA Paper 20379, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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