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China’s Financial System: Opportunities and Challenges

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  • Franklin Allen
  • Jun “QJ” Qian
  • Chenying Zhang
  • Mengxin Zhao

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive review of China’s financial system, and explore directions of future development. First, the financial system has been dominated by a large banking sector. In recent years banks have made considerable progress in reducing the amount of non-performing loans and improving their efficiency. Second, the role of the stock market in allocating resources in the economy has been limited and ineffective. We discuss issues related to the further development of China’s stock market and other financial markets. Third, the most successful part of the financial system, in terms of supporting the growth of the overall economy, is a non-standard sector that consists of alternative financing channels, governance mechanisms, and institutions. The co-existence of this sector with banks and markets can continue to support the growth of the Hybrid Sector (non-state, non-listed firms). Finally, among the policies that will help to sustain stable economic growth in China are those that reduce the likelihood of damaging financial crises, including a banking sector crisis, a real estate or stock market crash, and a “twin crisis” in the currency market and banking sector.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17828.

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Date of creation: Feb 2012
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Publication status: published as China's Financial System: Opportunities and Challenges , Franklin Allen, Jun "QJ" Qian, Chenying Zhang, Mengxin Zhao. in Capitalizing China , Fan and Morck. 2013
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17828

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Cited by:
  1. Lynne Cockerell & Michael Shoory, 2012. "Internationalising the Renminbi," RBA Bulletin, Reserve Bank of Australia, pages 77-90, June.
  2. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Pessarossi, Pierre & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "Is bank competition detrimental to efficiency? Evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 121-134.
  3. Bonatti, Luigi & Fracasso, Andrea, 2013. "Hoarding of international reserves in China: Mercantilism, domestic consumption and US monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 1044-1078.
  4. Dreger, Christian & Wang, Tongsan & Zhang, Yanqun, 2013. "Understanding Chinese consumption: The impact of hukou," Discussion Papers 343, European University Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), Department of Business Administration and Economics.
  5. He , Qing & Xue, Chang & Zhu, Chenqi, 2014. "Financial development and patterns of industrial specialization: Regional evidence from China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 12/2014, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  6. Xiaosheng Ju & Dic Lo, 2012. "The cost and benefit of banking regulations and controls, Chinese style," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 65(263), pages 385-402.
  7. Bonatti, Luigi & Fracasso, Andrea, 2014. "Modeling the Transition Towards Renminbi's Full Convertibility: Implications for China’s Growth," MPRA Paper 54129, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Nina Shapiro, 2012. "Josef Steindl: An Economist of His Times," Moneta e Credito, Economia civile, vol. 65(260), pages 293-315.
  9. Humphery-Jenner, Mark & Suchard, Jo-Ann, 2013. "Foreign VCs and venture success: Evidence from China," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 16-35.

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