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China as a Reserve Sink: The Evidence from Offset and Sterilization Coefficients

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  • Alice Y. Ouyang

    (Claremont Graduate University)

  • Ramkishen S. Rajan

    (George Mason University)

  • Thomas D. Willett

    (Claremont Graduate University)

Abstract

China has been stockpiling international reserves at an extremely rapid pace since the late 1990s and has surpassed Japan to become the largest reserve holder in the world. This paper undertakes an empirical investigation to assess the extent of de facto sterilization and capital mobility using monthly data between mid 1999 and late 2005. We find that China has been able to successfully sterilize most of these reserve increases, thus making it a reserve sink such as Germany was under the Bretton Woods system. Recursive estimation of offset coefficients, however, finds evidence of increasing mobile capital flows that may undercut China's ability to continue high levels of sterilization.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research in its series Working Papers with number 102007.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: May 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:102007

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Keywords: Balance of payments; China; Capital Mobility; Reserves; Sterilization;

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