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Tax Morale and Tax Evasion: Social Preferences and Bounded Rationality

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  • Zsombor Z. Méder

    ()
    (Maastricht University, Department of Economics, The Netherlands)

  • András Simonovits
  • János Vincze

Abstract

We study a family of models of tax evasion, where a flat-rate tax finances only the provision of public goods, neglecting audits and wage differences. We focus on the comparison of two modeling approaches. The first is based on optimizing agents, who are endowed with social preferences, their utility being the sum of private consumption and moral utility. The second approach involves agents acting according to simple heuristics. We find that while we encounter the traditionally shaped Laffer-curve in the optimizing model, the heuristics models exhibit (linearly) increasing Laffer-curves. This difference is related to a peculiar type of behavior emerging within the heuristics based approach: a number of agents lurk in a moral state of limbo, alternating between altruism and selfishness.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Mathematical Economics and Economic Analysis, Corvinus University of Budapest in its series Working Papers with number 1202.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: 08 Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mkg:wpaper:1202

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Keywords: tax evasion; tax morale; agent-based simulation;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pickhardt, Michael & Prinz, Aloys, 2014. "Behavioral dynamics of tax evasion – A survey," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1-19.
  2. Garay, Barnabás M. & Simonovits, András & Tóth, János, 2012. "Local interaction in tax evasion," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 115(3), pages 412-415.
  3. Michael Pickhardt & Goetz Seibold, . "Income Tax Evasion Dynamics: Evidence from an Agent-based Econophysics Model," Working Papers 201179, Institute of Spatial and Housing Economics, Munster Universitary.
  4. Hokamp, Sascha, 2014. "Dynamics of tax evasion with back auditing, social norm updating, and public goods provision – An agent-based simulation," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 187-199.
  5. Andras Simonovits, 2013. "Does Higher Tax Morale Imply Higher Optimal Labor Income Tax Rate?," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 2, pages 97-114, June.

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