Evolution of the Global Distribution of Carbon Dioxide: A Finite Mixture Analysis
AbstractEconomists and environmental policymakers have recently begun advocating a bottom-up approach to climate change mitigation, focusing on reduction targets for groups of nations, rather than large scale global policies. We advance this discussion by taking a quantitative perspective, focusing on econometric identification of groups of countries that have statistically similar distributions of carbon emissions using a broad range of finite mixture models. Nearly all of our results yield a consistent pattern: after 1980, there are two distinct emissions distributions, and that these distributions continue to evolve over time. We provide a rigorous analysis of these distributional differences along several important dimensions: polarization, mobility, and volatility. We discuss how this robust quantitative evidence may aid policymakers in forging a heterogeneous carbon abatement policy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Miami, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2013-10.
Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 08 May 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming (Under Review)
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More information through EDIRC
Carbon emissions; Emissions groups; Heterogeneity; Abatement policy; Finite mixture models;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
- C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2013-06-09 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2013-06-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2013-06-09 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2013-06-09 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-RES-2013-06-09 (Resource Economics)
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