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Complementariedades y Política Macroeconómica

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  • Huberto M. Ennis

Abstract

Este trabajo discute algunos desarrollos teóricos recientes sobre la determinación de la política macroeconómica óptima en situaciones en las que existen complementariedades estratégicas entre los agentes de la economía. Se presentan las ideas utilizando como base un modelo simple que permite capturar con simpleza los aspectos fundamentales involucrados en la discusión. En el modelo, los agentes deciden si participar, o no, en actividades de mercado y el beneficio de participar esta asociado con la decisión de participación del resto de los agentes. Se demuestra la presencia de equilibrios múltiples y se construyen equilibrios sunspot. Se discute la política macroeconómica óptima en tales situaciones y el rol de la estructura de información en la determinación de las propiedades de los equilibrios. Finalmente, se ilustra la posibilidad de que se produzcan avalanchas anticipadas de (no) participación, donde la diseminación limitada de la información juega un rol fundamental.

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File URL: http://www.depeco.econo.unlp.edu.ar/doctrab/doc54.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series Department of Economics, Working Papers with number 054.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lap:wpaper:054

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  1. Caplin, A. & Leahy, J., 1992. "Business as Usual, Market Crashes, and Wisdom after the Fact," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1594, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  2. Morris, Stephen & Shin, Hyun Song, 1998. "Unique Equilibrium in a Model of Self-Fulfilling Currency Attacks," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 587-97, June.
  3. Ennis, Huberto M. & Keister, Todd, 2003. "Economic growth, liquidity, and bank runs," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 109(2), pages 220-245, April.
  4. Ennis, Huberto M. & Keister, Todd, 2005. "Optimal fiscal policy under multiple equilibria," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(8), pages 1359-1377, November.
  5. Glomm, Gerhard & Ravikumar, B., 1996. "Endogenous public policy and multiple equilibria," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 653-662, April.
  6. Huberto M. Ennis & Todd Keister, 2003. "Government Policy and the Probability of Coordination Failures," Working Papers 0301, Centro de Investigacion Economica, ITAM.
  7. Woodford, Michael, 1990. "Learning to Believe in Sunspots," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 58(2), pages 277-307, March.
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  12. Cass, David & Shell, Karl, 1983. "Do Sunspots Matter?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(2), pages 193-227, April.
  13. Robert G. King, 2006. "Discretionary Policy and Multiple Equilibria," NBER Working Papers 12076, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Vives, Xavier, 2004. "Complementarities and Games: New Developments," CEPR Discussion Papers 4742, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Manuelli, Rodolfo & Peck, James, 1992. "Sunspot-like effects of random endowments," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 193-206, April.
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  17. Curtis R. Taylor & Thomas D. Jeitschko, 2001. "Local Discouragement and Global Collapse: A Theory of Coordination Avalanches," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(1), pages 208-224, March.
  18. P. Diamond, 1980. "Aggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium," Working papers 268, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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