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"One Muslim is Enough!" - Evidence from a Field Experiment in France

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Author Info

  • Adida, Claire L.

    ()
    (University of California, San Diego)

  • Laitin, David D.

    ()
    (Stanford University)

  • Valfort, Marie-Anne

    ()
    (University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    Abstract

    Anti-Muslim prejudice is widespread in Western countries. Yet, Muslims are expected to constitute a growing share of the total population in Western countries over the next decades. This paper predicts that this demographic trend will increase anti-Muslim prejudice. Relying on experimental games and a formal model, we show that the generosity of rooted French toward Muslims is significantly decreased with the increase of Muslims in their midst, and demonstrate that these results are driven by the activation of rooted French taste-based discrimination against Muslims when Muslim numbers increase. Our findings call for solutions to anti-Muslim prejudice in the West.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6122.

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    Length: 45 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6122

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    Related research

    Keywords: discrimination; Islam; France; group salience; experimental economics; economic theory; group threat theory; intergroup contact theory;

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    References

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    1. Neeraj Kaushal & Robert Kaestner & Cordelia Reimers, 2007. "Labor Market Effects of September 11th on Arab and Muslim Residents of the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(2).
    2. Alberto Dávila & Marie Mora, 2005. "Changes in the earnings of Arab men in the US between 2000 and 2002," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 18(4), pages 587-601, November.
    3. Forsythe Robert & Horowitz Joel L. & Savin N. E. & Sefton Martin, 1994. "Fairness in Simple Bargaining Experiments," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 347-369, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Mitrut, Andreea & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2013. "Investing in children's education: Are Muslim immigrants different?," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 575, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.

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