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Evidence on the Long Shadow of Poor Mental Health across Three Generations

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Author Info

  • Johnston, David W.

    ()
    (Monash University)

  • Schurer, Stefanie

    ()
    (University of Sydney)

  • Shields, Michael A.

    ()
    (Monash University)

Abstract

Individuals suffering from mental health problems are often severely limited in their social and economic functioning. Mental health problems can develop early in life, are frequently chronic in nature, and have an established hereditary component. The extent to which mental illness runs in families could therefore help explain the widely discussed intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage. Using data from three generations contained in the 1970 British Cohort Study, we estimate the intergenerational correlation of mental health between mothers, their children, and their grandchildren. We find that the intergenerational correlation in mental health is about 0.2, and that the probability of feeling depressed is 63 percent higher for children whose mothers reported the same symptom 20 years earlier. Moreover, grandmother and grandchild mental health are strongly correlated, but this relationship appears to work fully through the mental health of the parent. Using grandmother mental health as an instrument for maternal mental health in a model of grandchild mental health confirms the strong intergenerational correlation. We also find that maternal and own mental health are strong predictors of adulthood socioeconomic outcomes. Even after controlling for parental socioeconomic status, own educational attainment, and own mental health (captured in childhood and adulthood), our results suggest that a one standard deviation reduction in maternal mental health reduces household income for their adult offspring by around 2 percent.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6014.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as "Exploring the intergenerational persistence of mental health: Evidence from three generations" in: Journal of Health Economics, 2013, 32 (6), 1077-1089
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6014

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Keywords: intergenerational transmission; mobility; mental health; economic outcomes;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Dan Chisholm & Richard Layard & Vikram Patel & Shekhar Saxena, 2013. "Mental Illness and Unhappiness," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp1239, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Richard Layard & Dan Chisholm & Vikram Patel & Shekhar Saxena, 2013. "Mental Illness and Unhappiness," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 600, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. Roy, John & Schurer, Stefanie, 2013. "Getting Stuck in the Blues: Persistence of Mental Health Problems in Australia," IZA Discussion Papers 7451, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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