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Why Does Intermarriage Increase Immigrant Employment? The Role of Networks

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Author Info

  • Furtado, Delia

    ()
    (University of Connecticut)

  • Theodoropoulos, Nikolaos

    ()
    (University of Cyprus)

Abstract

Social networks are commonly understood to play a large role in the labor market success of immigrants. Using 2000 U.S. Census data, this paper examines whether access to native networks, as measured by marriage to a native, increases the probability of immigrant employment. We start by confirming in both least squares and instrumental variables frameworks that marriage to a native indeed increases immigrant employment rates. Next, we show that the returns to marrying a native are not likely to arise solely from legal status acquired through marriage or characteristics of native spouses. We then present several pieces of evidence suggesting that networks obtained through marriage play an important part in explaining the relationship between marriage decisions and employment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5080.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy: Topics in Economic Analysis and Policy, 2010, 10 (1) , Article 101
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5080

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Keywords: immigration; marriage; employment; networks;

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References

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  1. Dan Black & Kermit Daniel & Seth Sanders, 2002. "The Impact of Economic Conditions on Participation in Disability Programs: Evidence from the Coal Boom and Bust," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(1), pages 27-50, March.
  2. Yann Bramoullé & Habiba Djebbari & Bernard Fortin, 2007. "Identification of Peer Effects through Social Networks," Cahiers de recherche 0705, CIRPEE.
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Cited by:
  1. Gil S. Epstein & Renana Lindner Pomerantz, 2012. "Assimilation through Marriage," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1220, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  2. Nekby, Lena, 2010. "Inter- and Intra-Marriage Premiums Revisited: It’s probably who you are, not who you marry!," SULCIS Working Papers 2010:12, Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS.
  3. Ying Pan, 2012. "The Impact of Legal Status on Immigrants’ Earnings and Human Capital: Evidence from the IRCA 1986," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 33(2), pages 119-142, June.
  4. Chunbei Wang & Le Wang, 2012. "The effects of 9/11 on intermarriage between natives and immigrants to the U.S," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 171-192, June.

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