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Education and Early Career Outcomes of Second-Generation Immigrants in France

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  • Belzil, Christian

    ()
    (Ecole Polytechnique, Paris)

  • Poinas, François

    ()
    (Toulouse School of Economics)

Abstract

We estimate a flexible dynamic model of education choices and early career employment outcomes of the French population. Individuals are allowed to choose between 4 options: continue to the next grade, accept a permanent contract, accept a temporary contract, or withdraw from the labor force (a residual state). Our analysis focuses on the comparison between French Second-Generation Immigrants whose parents are born in Africa and French-natives. We find that schooling attainments explain around two thirds of the differences in access to early career employment stability. However, one third cannot be linked to observed investment in human capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3877.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Labour Economics, 2010, 17 (1), 101-110
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3877

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Keywords: schooling attainments; second-generation immigrants; fixed term employment;

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References

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  1. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 2001. "The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Black, Hispanic, and White Males," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(3), pages 455-499, June.
  2. Petra E. Todd & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 2004. "The Production of Cognitive Achievement in Children: Home, School and Racial Test Score Gaps," PIER Working Paper Archive 04-019, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
  3. Michael P. Keane & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1995. "The career decisions of young men," Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 559, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  4. David Card, 2005. "Is the New Immigration Really so Bad?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(507), pages F300-F323, November.
  5. Christian Belzil, 2006. "Testing the Specification of the Mincer Wage Equation," Post-Print halshs-00142542, HAL.
  6. Romain Aeberhardt & Denis Fougère & Julien Pouget & Roland Rathelot, 2007. "Wages and Employment of French Workers with African Origin," Working Papers, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique 2007-36, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  7. Audra J. Bowlus & Zvi Eckstein, 1998. "Discrimination and Skill Differences in an Equilibrium Search Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 98-112/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  8. Keane, Michael P., 2010. "Structural vs. atheoretic approaches to econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 156(1), pages 3-20, May.
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  11. Zvi Eckstein & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1999. "Why Youths Drop Out of High School: The Impact of Preferences, Opportunities, and Abilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 67(6), pages 1295-1340, November.
  12. Heckman, James & Singer, Burton, 1984. "A Method for Minimizing the Impact of Distributional Assumptions in Econometric Models for Duration Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 52(2), pages 271-320, March.
  13. Belzil, Christian, 2007. "The return to schooling in structural dynamic models: a survey," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 1059-1105, July.
  14. Michael P. Keane & Kenneth Wolpin, . "Eliminating Race Differences in School Attainment and Labor Market Success," CARESS Working Papres, University of Pennsylvania Center for Analytic Research and Economics in the Social Sciences 97-5, University of Pennsylvania Center for Analytic Research and Economics in the Social Sciences.
  15. Aeberhardt, Romain & Pouget, Julien, 2007. "National Origin Wage Differentials in France: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 2779, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  16. Bentolila, Samuel & Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad Is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402, July.
  17. Belzil, Christian & Hansen, Jörgen, 2008. "Calibration and IV Estimation of a Wage Outcome Equation in a Dynamic Environment," IZA Discussion Papers 3528, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  18. Garibaldi, Pietro, 1998. "Job flow dynamics and firing restrictions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 245-275, February.
  19. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1998. "Life Cycle Schooling and Dynamic Selection Bias: Models and Evidence for Five Cohorts of American Males," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(2), pages 262-333, April.
  20. Helena Skyt Nielsen & Michael Rosholm & Nina Smith & Leif Husted, 2003. "The school-to-work transition of 2 nd generation immigrants in Denmark," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 755-786, November.
  21. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Job security, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 851-879, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kristina A. Schapiro, 2009. "Migration and Educational Outcomes of Children," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present), Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) HDRP-2009-57, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), revised Oct 2009.
  2. Krause, Annabelle & Rinne, Ulf & Schüller, Simone, 2012. "Kick It Like Özil? Decomposing the Native-Migrant Education Gap," IZA Discussion Papers 6696, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Stijn BAERT & Bart COCKX, 2013. "Pure Ethnic Gaps in Educational Attainment and School to Work Transitions. When Do They Arise?," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2013005, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  4. Clémence Berson, 2009. "Private vs. Public Sector : Discrimination against Second-Generation Immigrants in France," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 09059, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  5. Gabin Langevin & David Masclet & Fabien Moizeau & Emmanuel Peterle, 2013. "Educational Attainment, Wages and Employment of Second-Generation Immigrants in France," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen), Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS 201327, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  6. Schüller, Simone, 2011. "Parental Ethnic Identity and Educational Attainment of Second-Generation Immigrants," IZA Discussion Papers 6155, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Messinis, George, 2013. "Returns to education and urban-migrant wage differentials in China: IV quantile treatment effects," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 39-55.
  8. Vincent Corluy & Gerlinde Verbist, 2014. "Can education bridge the gap? Education and the employment position of immigrants in Belgium," ImPRovE Working Papers, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp 14/02, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp.
  9. Berrittella, Maria, 2012. "Modelling the labour market of minority ethnic groups," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 389-402.
  10. Sweetman, A. & Ours, J.C. van, 2014. "Immigration: What About the Children and Grandchildren?," Discussion Paper, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research 2014-009, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  11. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00423944 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Clémence Berson, 2009. "Private vs. Public Sector : Discrimination against Second-Generation Immigrants in France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00423944, HAL.

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