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A Hazard Model of the Probability of Medical School Dropout in the United Kingdom

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  • Arulampalam, Wiji

    ()
    (University of Warwick)

  • Naylor, Robin

    ()
    (University of Warwick)

  • Smith, Jeremy

    ()
    (University of Warwick)

Abstract

From individual-level longitudinal data for two entire cohorts of medical students in UK universities, we analyse the probability that an individual student will ‘drop out’ of medical school prior to the successful completion of their studies. We examine the cohort of students enrolling for a medical degree at the start of the academic years 1985 or 1986. We find evidence that medical student completion is influenced by measures of academic preparedness, sex, and age as well as by the characteristics of the medical school itself. On the basis of our results, we also comment on the construction of institutional performance indicators against the criterion of student dropout.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 333.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2001
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A. (Statistics in Society), 2004, 167 (1), 157-178
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp333

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Related research

Keywords: limited duration model; Medical students; student dropout (non-completion) probabilities; discrete time hazard; survival analysis;

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References

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  1. Narendranathan, W. & Stewart, M.B., 1989. "Modelling The Probability Of Leaving Unemployment: Competing Risks Models With Flexible Baseline Hazards," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 331, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  2. Ridder, G & van Ours, Jan C, 2000. "Fast Track or Failure: A Study of the Completion Rates of Graduate Students in Economics," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2363, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Machin, Stephen & Oswald, Andrew, 2000. "UK Economics and the Future Supply of Academic Economists," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(464), pages F334-49, June.
  4. Mealli, Fabrizia & Pudney, Stephen & Thomas, Jonathan M, 1996. "Training Duration and Post-training Outcomes: A Duration-Limited Competing Risks Model," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(435), pages 422-33, March.
  5. Narendranathan, W & Stewart, Mark B, 1993. "How Does the Benefit Effect Vary as Unemployment Spells Lengthen?," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(4), pages 361-81, Oct.-Dec..
  6. Jeremy P. Smith & Robin A. Naylor, 2001. "Dropping out of university: A statistical analysis of the probability of withdrawal for UK university students," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 164(2), pages 389-405.
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Cited by:
  1. G. Boero & A. Mcknight & R. Naylor & J. Smith, 2001. "Graduates and graduate labour markets in the UK and Italy," Working Paper CRENoS 200111, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  2. Jakobsen, Vibeke & Rosholm, Michael, 2003. "Dropping out of School? A Competing Risks Analysis of Young Immigrants’ Progress in the Educational System," IZA Discussion Papers 918, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Arulampalam, Wiji & Naylor, Robin & Smith, Jeremy, 2001. "Factors affecting the probability of first-year medical student dropout in the UK : a logistic analysis for the entry cohorts of 1980-1992," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 618, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.

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