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Identity, Cooperation, and Punishment

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  • McLeish, Kendra N.

    ()
    (University of Calgary)

  • Oxoby, Robert J.

    ()
    (University of Calgary)

Abstract

Among economists, there is increased recognition of the role individuals’ identities play in decision-making. In this paper, we conduct laboratory experiments in which we explore the motivations for and the effects of group identity. We find that negative out-group opinion (acting as an inter-group identity threat) can motivate in-group/out-group effects in a simple bargaining context. Further, our results suggest that disparagement of group norms by members of the in-group (acting as an intra-group identity threat) increases the use of costly punishment within the in-group.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2572.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2572

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Keywords: identity; fairness; reciprocity; experiments;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Joan Costa-i-Font & Frank Cowell, 2013. "Social Identity and Redistributive Preferences: A Survey," CESifo Working Paper Series 4440, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Weng, Qian, 2013. "Session Size and its Effect on Identity Building: Evidence from a public goods experiment," Working Papers in Economics, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics 560, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  3. Roy Chen & Yan Chen, 2011. "The Potential of Social Identity for Equilibrium Selection," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 101(6), pages 2562-89, October.
  4. David Hugh-Jones & Alexia Katsanidou & Gerhard Riener, 2009. "Political Discrimination in the Aftermath of Violence: the case of the Greek riots," GreeSE – Hellenic Observatory Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe, Hellenic Observatory, LSE 30, Hellenic Observatory, LSE.
  5. Olga Bogach & Andreas Leibbrandt, 2011. "An Experimental Study on the Relevance and Scope of Culture as a Focal Point," Working Papers, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics 201104, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  6. Surajeet Chakravarty & Miguel A. Fonseca, 2012. "The Effect of Social Fragmentation on Public Good Provision: an Experimental Study," Discussion Papers, Exeter University, Department of Economics 1207, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
  7. Yan Chen & Sherry Xin Li, 2009. "Group Identity and Social Preferences," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 99(1), pages 431-57, March.
  8. Marcela Ibanez & Elke Schaffland, 2013. "The Effect of Outside Leaders on the Performance of the Organization: An Experiment," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 149, Courant Research Centre PEG.
  9. repec:got:cegedp:148 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Hodaka Morita & Maroš Servátka, 2011. "Group Identity and Relation-Specific Investment: An Experimental Investigation," Working Papers in Economics, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance 11/01, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
  11. Bezrukova, Katerina & Smith, John, 2008. "Towards an understanding of the endogenous nature of identity in games," MPRA Paper 14447, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Donna Harris & Klaus Abbink, 2012. "In-group favouritism and out-group discimination in naturally occurring groups," Economics Series Working Papers 616, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  13. Cason, Timothy N. & Sheremeta, Roman M. & Zhang, Jingjing, 2012. "Communication and efficiency in competitive coordination games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 26-43.
  14. Lea Ellwardt & Penélope Hernández & Guillem Martínez-Canovas & Manuel Muñoz-Herrera, 2014. "Conflict and segregation in networks: An experiment on the interplay between individual preferences and social influence," Discussion Papers in Economic Behaviour, University of Valencia, ERI-CES 0114, University of Valencia, ERI-CES.
  15. James Konow & Tatsuyoshi Saijo & Kenju Akai, 2008. "Morals and Mores? Experimental Evidence on Equity and Equality from the US and Japan," Levine's Working Paper Archive 122247000000002055, David K. Levine.
  16. Surajeet Chakravarty & Miguel A. Fonseca, 2013. "Discrimination via Exclusion: An Experiment on Group Identity and Club Goods," Discussion Papers, Exeter University, Department of Economics 1302, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
  17. Lankau, Matthias & Bicskei, Marianna & Bizer, Kilian, 2012. "Cooperation preferences in the provision of public goods: An experimental study on the effects of social identity," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 148, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

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