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The Asymmetric Effect of Endowments on Vertical Intra-Industrial Trade

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  • Ana I. Moro

    (Universidad de Granada)

  • Juliette Milgram

    (Universidad de Granada)

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of Spanish vertical intra-industrytrade with a large sample of countries. We empirically test the comparative advantageexplanation. For this aim, we build physical, human and technologicalcapital stocks. On average, when using OLS techniques, differences in endowmentsare a limitation for vertical intra-industry trade. Using quantile regressionstechniques, we observe that this negative effect decreases in absolute terms asvertical intra-industry trade flows increase and, in some cases, become positivefor the upper tails, thus supporting the view of a reduced version of the comparativeadvantage explanation. Este artículo trata de analizar los determinantes del comercio intra-industrialvertical en Espña con una muestra de países extensa. Se contrasta empíricamentela hipóteis de la ventaja comparativa. Con esta finalidad, hemos construido seriesde capital físico, humano y tecnológico. En media, cuando se utiliza la estimaciónMCO, las diferencias en dotaciones suponen una limitación al comercio intraindustrialvertical. Usando la técnica de regresion por cuantiles, se observa queeste efecto negativo disminuye, en términos absolutos, a medida que los flujos decomercio intra-industrial vertical se incrementan y, en algunos casos, llegan a serpositivos en los cuantiles altos de la distribución. Este resultado ofrece evidenciaa favor de una versión reducida de la hipótesis de la ventaja comparativa.

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File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2008-13.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2008-13.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2008-13

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Keywords: Comercio Intra-industrial; Ventaja Comparativa; Diferenciación Vertical; Stocks de Capital; Regresión Quantilica. Comparative Advantage; Vertical Differentiation; Capital Stocks; Quantile Regressions.;

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References

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  1. Nuno Crespo & Maria Fontoura, 2004. "Intra-industry trade by types: What can we learn from Portuguese data?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 140(1), pages 52-79, March.
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  5. Christophe Kamps, 2006. "New Estimates of Government Net Capital Stocks for 22 OECD Countries, 1960-2001," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(1), pages 6.
  6. Joan A. Martín & Vicente Orts, 2001. "A two-stage analysis of monopolistic competition models of intraindustry trade," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(2), pages 315-333, May.
  7. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg, 1997. "Intra-Industry Trade: Methodological Issues Reconsidered," Working Papers 1997-01, CEPII research center.
  8. Juliette Milgram & Ana Moro-Egido, 2005. "Trade types with Developed and Developing Countries What can we learn from Spanish data?," ThE Papers 05/08, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
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  10. Lionel Fontagné & Michaël Freudenberg & Deniz Ünal, 1995. "Régionalisation et échanges de biens intermédiaires," Working Papers 1995-11, CEPII research center.
  11. José Blanes & Carmela Martín, 2000. "The nature and causes of intra-industry trade: Back to the comparative advantage explanation? The case of Spain," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 136(3), pages 423-441, 09.
  12. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
  13. Falvey, Rodney E., 1981. "Commercial policy and intra-industry trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 495-511, November.
  14. Jaskold Gabszewicz, J. & Shaked, A. & Sutton, J. & Thisse, J.-F., . "International trade in differentiated products," CORE Discussion Papers RP -463, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  15. Juliette Milgram Baleix, 2005. "Quotas on Clothing Imports: Impact and Determinants of EU Trade Policy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 445-460, 08.
  16. Jarko Fidrmuc & Daniela Grozea-Helmenstein & Andreas Wörgötter, 1999. "East-west intra-industry trade dynamics," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(2), pages 332-346, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tadashi Ito & Toshihiro Okubo, 2012. "New Aspects of Intra-industry Trade in EU Countries," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(9), pages 1126-1138, 09.
  2. Moelders, Florian, 2011. "Trade Persistence and the Limits of Trade Agreements," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 58, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  3. Tadashi Ito & Toshihiro Okubo, 2011. "New Aspects of Intra-Industry trade: Evidence from EU-15 countries," Discussion Paper Series DP2011-02, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.

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