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Commerce international et structures de marché : une vérification empirique

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  • Nicolas Péridy
  • Michael Frudenberg
  • Lionel Fontagné

Abstract

[fre] Commerce international et structures de marché : une vérification empirique par Lionel Fontagné, Michel Freudenberg et Nicolas Péridy . Une part importante des échanges internationaux a lieu sur un mode intra-branche (croisement des exportations et importations au sein des branches), en contradiction apparente avec la logique de spécialisation inter-branches selon les avantages comparatifs. Les développements récents de la théorie du commerce international, intégrant de nombreux apports de l'économie industrielle, débouchent toutefois sur une synthèse entre l'approche classique (l'avantage comparatif) et la concurrence imparfaite. On déduit deux ensembles de prédictions testables de cette synthèse, amendée pour prendre en compte la différenciation verticale des produits. L'un concerne les volumes d'échanges bilatéraux, l'autre la nature, inter- ou intra-branche des échanges. On estime des équations de type gravitaire entre pays de FUE12 sur la période 1980-1994. Les approches contemporaines de la spécialisation,_basées sur l'exploitation des rendements croissants, sont validées, mais non l'approche classique en termes d'avantage comparatif. Par contre, cette dernière conserve sa validité à un niveau plus fin, sur les échelles de qualité au sein des branches._Si la différenciation des produits renforce l'échange intra-branche, comme attendu, l'association traditionnelle des économies d'échelle à l'échange intra-branche n'est validée que dans le cas de la différenciation horizontale des produits. [eng] International Trade and Market Structure: An Empirical Assesment par Lionel Fontagné, Michael Freudenberg and Nicolas Péridy . A prominent share of international trade is of an intra-industry nature (cross hauling of trade flows within industries), in contrast with the classical view of international trade. However, new developments allow for a synthesis between imperfect competition and the classical framework of comparative advantage. Using this synthesis, two sets of hypotheses are tested here, concerning the value and the nature of bilateral trade flows. Gravity type equations are estimated for EU12 countries over the period 1980-94. First, new thinking about specialisation, as an outcome of increasing returns, is validated. Second, even if comparative advantages are identified as a determinant of the specialisation along quality ladders within industries, they do no longer impulse a traditional inter-industry specialisation within our sample. Finally, product differentiation is validated as a determinant of intra-industry-trade, whereas the classical link between economies of scale and IIT is validated in the case of horizontally differentiated products only.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 135 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 147-167

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1998_num_135_4_5931

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1998.5931
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Cited by:
  1. J. Milgram-Baleix & Ana I. Moro-Egido, 2006. "Do Endowments Matter for Vertical Intra-Industry Trade with Emergent Countries? Empirical Evidence for Spain," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/20, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  2. Montout, Sylvie & Mucchielli, Jean-Louis & Zignago, Soledad, 2001. "Horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade of Nafta and Mercosur: The case of the automobile industry," MPRA Paper 43928, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Ana I. Moro & Juliette Milgram, 2008. "The Asymmetric Effect of Endowments on Vertical Intra-Industrial Trade," Working Papers. Serie EC 2008-13, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  4. Helena Marques & Hugh Metcalf, 2003. "Extending the EU Single Market Eastwards: Sectoral Trade and Real Wage Effects," Discussion Paper Series 2003_10, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Oct 2003.
  5. Juliette Milgram & Ana Moro-Egido, 2005. "Trade types with Developed and Developing Countries What can we learn from Spanish data?," ThE Papers 05/08, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
  6. José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal & Juliette Milgram Baleix, 2006. "The Free Trade Agreement Morocco-EU: A simulation of the impact on bilateral flows," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/23, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  7. José Vicente Blanes Cristóbal & Juliette Milgram Baleix, 2006. "Impacto de la liberalización comercial de Marruecos y de la inmigración marroquí sobre las exportaciones de las CCAA españolas hacia Marruecos," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/14, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  8. Juliette Milgram-Baleix & Ana Isabel Moro-Egido, 2005. "Intra-industry trade with emergent countries: what can we learn from spanish data?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(12), pages 1-17.
  9. Khaled Guesmi & Frederic Teulon & Amine Lahiani, 2014. "Australia’s integration into the ASEAN- 5 Region," Working Papers 2014-207, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  10. Juliette Milgram, 2003. "Quantitative Restrictions on Clothing Imports: Impact and Determinants of the Common Trade Policy Towards Developing Countries," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2003/04, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  11. Michaël Freudenberg & Guillaume Gaulier & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 1998. "La régionalisation du commerce international: une évaluation par les intensités relatives bilatérales," Working Papers 1998-05, CEPII research center.
  12. Khaled Guesmi & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2013. "Regional integration of stock markets in Southeast Europe," Working Papers 2013-022, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.

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