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Employment protection and unemployment benefits: on technology adoption and job creation in a matching model

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  • Lommerud, Kjell Erik

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Bergen)

  • Straume, Odd Rune

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Minho)

  • Vagstad, Steinar

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Bergen)

Abstract

We analyse the effects of different labour market policies — employment protection, unemployment benefits and payroll taxes — on job creation and technology choices in a model where firms are randomly matched with workers of different productivity and wages are determined by ex-post bargaining. In this setting, as long as firing costs remain below a certain level, unemployment benefits are detrimental both to job creation and technology adoption while the effects of employment protection are mixed, as higher firing costs stifle job creation but stimulate technology investments. This suggests that a ‘flexicurity’ policy,with low employment protection and high unemployment benefits, might have the adverse effect of slowing down technological progress and job growth. Indeed, our analysis of the optimal policy solution suggests that flexicurity is often not optimal, and may be optimal only in conjunction with payroll subsidies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Bergen, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 18/12.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 07 Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:bergec:2012_018

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Postal: Institutt for økonomi, Universitetet i Bergen, Postboks 7802, 5020 Bergen, Norway
Phone: (+47)55589200
Fax: (+47)55589210
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Web page: http://www.uib.no/econ/en
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Keywords: Technology adoption; job creation; employment protection; unemployment insurance.;

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