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Development of the Hungarian Venture Capital and Private Equity Industry over the Past Two Decades

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  • Judit Karsai

    ()
    (Institute of Economics Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

Abstract

In Hungary, the previously non-existing venture capital and private equity industry has strengthened over the past two decades, and it has become one of the leaders of the CEE region. Approximately 90% of the capital allocated to investments overall were raised from private sector investors. The volume of VC & PE fluctuated cyclically following international capital market cycles and the changes of domestic economic policy. The Hungarian market became a preferred area for foreign capital investors in the last third of the 1990s. Later on its position became even more favourable due to Hungary's accession to the EU. Between 2007 and 2008 the Hungarian market, similarly to the whole region, earned also profit from a transitory situation at the beginning of the crisis when the investment problems in Western Europe did not extend to the CEE region for some time. From 2009 on, however, the crisis in CEE also resulted in a very serious drop in investments, in spite of the significant amount of uninvested capital accumulated in recent years. In addition, the crisis affected the already weakened Hungarian economy more seriously than the other parts of the region, which was reflected by the drop in investments in 2010.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences in its series IEHAS Discussion Papers with number 1201.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:has:discpr:1201

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Keywords: Hungary; Central and Eastern Europe; Economics in transition; Emerging markets; Venture Capital; Private Equity;

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  1. László Szerb & Gábor Rappai & Zsolt Makra & Siri Terjesen, 2007. "Informal Investment in Transition Economies: Individual Characteristics and Clusters," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 257-271, March.
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  3. Zsolt Darvas & Jean Pisani-Ferry, 2011. "Europe’s Growth Emergency," Working Papers 1105, Department of Mathematical Economics and Economic Analysis, Corvinus University of Budapest.
  4. Darek Klonowski, 2005. "The Evolution of the Venture Capital Industry in Transition Economies: The Case of Poland," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(3), pages 331-348.
  5. Zsolt Darvas & Jean Pisani-Ferry, 2011. "The threat of 'currency wars': A European perspective," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1102, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  6. Priscilla Chu & Robert D. Hisrich, 2001. "Venture capital in an economy in transition," Venture Capital, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 169-182, April.
  7. Zsolt Darvas, 2011. "Beyond the Crisis: Prospects for Emerging Europe," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(2), pages 261-290, June.
  8. Gabor Kezdi & Gergely Csorba, 2011. "Estimating the Lock-in Effects of Switching Costs from Firm-Level Data," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1108, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  9. Judit Karsai & Mike Wright & Zbigniew Dudzinski & Jan Morovic, 1998. "Screening and valuing venture capital investments: evidence from Hungary, Poland and Slovakia," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(3), pages 203-224, January.
  10. Judit Karsai, 2013. "Venture capital and private equity industry in Hungary," Acta Oeconomica, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 63(1), pages 23-42, March.
  11. Schertler, Andrea & Tykvová, Tereza, 2011. "Venture capital and internationalization," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 423-439, August.
  12. Groh, Alexander Peter & von Liechtenstein, Heinrich, 2009. "How attractive is central Eastern Europe for risk capital investors?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 625-647, June.
  13. Mayer, Colin & Schoors, Koen & Yafeh, Yishay, 2005. "Sources of funds and investment activities of venture capital funds: evidence from Germany, Israel, Japan and the United Kingdom," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 586-608, June.
  14. Judit Karsai, 2009. ""The End of the Golden Age" - The Developments of the Venture Capital and Private Equity Industry in Central and Eastern Europe," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0901, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
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Cited by:
  1. Habis Helga & Herings P. Jean-Jacques, 2011. "Stochastic Bankruptcy Games," Research Memorandum 045, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  2. Max Gillman, 2012. "AS-AD in the Standard Dynamic Neoclassical Model: Business Cycles and Growth Trends," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1222, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  3. Magdolna Sass & Miklos Szanyi, 2012. "Two essays on Hungarian relocations," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1223, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  4. Zsolt Darvas, 2013. "Monetary transmission in three central European economies: evidence from time-varying coefficient vector autoregressions," Empirica, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 363-390, May.
  5. Andras Simonovits, 2012. "Optimal Cap on Pension Contributions," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1208, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  6. Szabolcs Szikszai & Tamás Badics & Csilla Raffai & Zsolt Stenger & András Tóthmihály, 2013. "Studies in Financial Systems No 8 Hungary," FESSUD studies fstudy08, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
  7. Andras Simonovits, 2012. "Means-tested or Flat Pension? Pension Credit," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1221, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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