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The Poor Health Status of the Hungarians; Comparative Macro-Analysis of the Likely Explanatory Factors on Hungarian and Austrian Data, 1960-2004

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  • Maria Lacko

    ()
    (Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

Abstract

In Hungary, the health status of working age men is extremely bad in comparison with working age men in both developed market economies and neighboring transition countries. The study, based on data between 1960 and 2004, intends to discover the reasons for this peculiar situation by investigating the health status of the population in Hungary and Austria with health-production functions on a macro level and by making comparisons. The rationale for comparison of these very countries is the territorial closeness and the long mutual past. The mortality rate of the working age population (15–60 years old) is considered a proxy variable for health status. According to this indicator, health status in the two countries was at the same level in 1960s, but started to diverge around 1970. As an explanatory variable, indicators of life style, long-term economic development, healthcare resources and the situation in the labor market are taken into account. The results reveal that the poor health of the adult male population of Hungary can primarily be explained by high levels of prolonged alcohol consumption, heavy smoking and widespread self-exploitative excess work in the hidden economy, especially during the period of socialism. In Austria, alcohol consumption, and smoking are also relevant factors, but with much less effect than in Hungary.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by European Association Comenius - EACO in its journal DANUBE: Law and Economics Review.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 1-21

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Handle: RePEc:cmn:journl:y:2011:i:3:p:1-21

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Web page: http://www.eaco.eu

Related research

Keywords: Health Production Function; Mortality; Life Style Effects; Longitudinal Regression;

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  1. Siegrist, Johannes, 2000. "Place, social exchange and health: proposed sociological framework," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1283-1293, November.
  2. France Meslé & Jacques Vallin, 2002. "Mortality in Europe: the Divergence Between East and West," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(1), pages 157-197.
  3. Fishlow, Albert & Friedman, Jorge, 1994. "Tax evasion, inflation and stabilization," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 105-123, February.
  4. Ana Poças & Elias Soukiazis, 2010. "Health Status Determinants in the OECD Countries. A Panel Data Approach with Endogenous Regressors," GEMF Working Papers 2010-04, GEMF - Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra.
  5. Friedrich Schneider, 2004. "Shadow Economies around the World: What do we really know?," IAW Discussion Papers 16, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  6. Bobak, Martin & Pikhart, Hynek & Rose, Richard & Hertzman, Clyde & Marmot, Michael, 2000. "Socioeconomic factors, material inequalities, and perceived control in self-rated health: cross-sectional data from seven post-communist countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1343-1350, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Martin Gaechter & Peter Schwazer & Engelbert Theurl, 2012. "Stronger Sex but Earlier Death: A Multi-level Socioeconomic Analysis of Gender Differences in Mortality in Austria," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 1, pages 1-23, March.

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