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Key Issues in Local Accessibility Measurement

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Author Info

  • Mathieu Bunel

    ()
    (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR6211 - Université de Rennes 1 - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV))

  • Elisabeth Tovar

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)

Abstract

This methodological paper shows that using different local job accessibility models (LJAs) leads to significantly different empirical appreciations of job accessibility. Matching several exhaustive micro data sources on the Paris region municipalities, the paper benchmarks a representative set of LJA measurement models used in the recent literature and an original model where job availability is fully estimated according to a set of individual characteristics, job competition is fully modelled on the local labour market and frontier effects are controlled for. We show that the model-induced empirical differences are spatially differentiated across the Paris region municipalities, and that failing to fully estimate job availability may lead to overestimation of the job accessibility levels of underprivileged municipalities.

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File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/86/79/24/PDF/BUNEL_TOVAR_US.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00867924.

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Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, Urban Studies, 2013, 1-17
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00867924

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00867924
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Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

Related research

Keywords: job accessibility measurement; Paris region; geo-referenced micro-data;

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References

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  1. Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2005. "Residential segregation and unemployment : the case of Brussels," Research Unit Working Papers 0511, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  2. R Cervero & T Rood & B Appleyard, 1999. "Tracking accessibility: employment and housing opportunities in the San Francisco Bay Area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(7), pages 1259-1278, July.
  3. Loïc du Parquet & Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari & Pascale Petit, 2011. "Les effets du lieu de résidence sur l’accès à l’emploi : un test de discrimination auprès des jeunes qualifiés," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 447(1), pages 71-95.
  4. Raphael, Steven, 1998. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 79-111, January.
  5. Emre Korsu & Sandrine Wenglenski, 2010. "Job Accessibility, Residential Segregation and Risk of Long-term Unemployment in the Paris Region," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(11), pages 2279-2324, October.
  6. van der Klaauw, Bas & van Ours, Jan C., 2003. "From welfare to work: does the neighborhood matter?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(5-6), pages 957-985, May.
  7. Matas, Anna & Raymond, José-Luis & Roig, José-Luis, 2009. "Car ownership and access to jobs in Spain," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 607-617, July.
  8. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 60(4), pages 979-1010.
  9. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2005. "Spatial mismatch, transport mode and search decisions in England," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 62-90, July.
  10. Lise Bourdeau-Lepage & Elisabeth Tovar, 2011. "Well-being Disparities Within the Paris Region. A Capabilist Spatialized Outlook," EconomiX Working Papers 2011-17, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
  11. S L Handy & D A Niemeier, 1997. "Measuring accessibility: an exploration of issues and alternatives," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(7), pages 1175-1194, July.
  12. Weibull, Jorgen W., 1976. "An axiomatic approach to the measurement of accessibility," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 357-379, December.
  13. Rogers, Cynthia L., 1997. "Job Search and Unemployment Duration: Implications for the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 109-132, July.
  14. Frédéric GASCHET (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES) & Nathalie GAUSSIER (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES), 2004. "Urban segregation and labour markets within the Bordeaux metropolitan area: an investigation of the spatial friction," Cahiers du GRES 2004-19, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "“Job Accessibility, Employment and Job-Education Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona”," AQR Working Papers 201411, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised May 2014.
  2. Fredrik Andersson & John Haltiwanger & Mark Kutzbach & Henry Pollakowski & Daniel Weinberg, 2011. "Job Displacement And The Duration Of Joblessness: The Role Of Spatial Mismatch," Working Papers 11-30r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau, revised Apr 2014.

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