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Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region

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  • Mathieu Bunel

    (UFR de sciences économiques et de gestion, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, CREM-CNRS, UMR 6211)

  • Elisabeth Tovar

    (Laboratoire EconomiX (UMR 7235), Université Paris Ouest, France)

Abstract

This paper focuses on local job accessibility measurement. We propose an original model that allows for: a full estimation of job availability according to an extensive set of individual characteristics; a full appraisal of job competition on the labour market; a full control of frontier effects. By matching several exhaustive micro-data sources on the Paris region municipalities, we compare the results produced by this benchmark model to alternative models. We show that the model may indeed make the results as far as local job accessibility is concerned. Significant empirical differences do stem from the use of different Local Job Accessibility measures. Moreover, these differences are spatially differentiated across the Paris region municipalities. In particular, we show that failing to use a model where job availability is fully estimated according to individual characteristics may lead to the over-estimation of the job accessibility levels of notably under-privileged municipalities.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS in its series Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) with number 201212.

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Date of creation: Feb 2012
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Handle: RePEc:tut:cremwp:201212

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Keywords: job accessibility measurement; Paris Region; benchmarking; geo-referenced micro-data;

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  12. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2005. "Spatial mismatch, transport mode and search decisions in England," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 62-90, July.
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  14. Raphael, Steven, 1998. "The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 79-111, January.
  15. R Cervero & T Rood & B Appleyard, 1999. "Tracking accessibility: employment and housing opportunities in the San Francisco Bay Area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(7), pages 1259-1278, July.
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