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Car ownership and access to jobs in Spain

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  • Matas, Anna
  • Raymond, José-Luis
  • Roig, José-Luis

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of urban structure on household car ownership in a context of rapid job and population decentralization. We capture the effect of urban structure through a measure of job accessibility to employment by public transport. An ordered probit explaining the number of cars per household is estimated as a function of individual, household and spatial variables. The data used in the analysis come from the Spanish Institute of Statistics' 2001 Micro-census for the areas of Barcelona and Madrid. The results show that spatial variables play a significant role in explaining the probability of car ownership. We provide the car ownership elasticities with respect the job accessibility measure. Additionally, we carried out simulation exercises in which the expected number of vehicles decreases as accessibility improves.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
Issue (Month): 6 (July)
Pages: 607-617

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Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:43:y:2009:i:6:p:607-617

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Keywords: Car ownership Job accessibility Public transport;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jou, Rong-Chang & Huang, Wen-Hsiu & Wu, Yuan-Chan & Chao, Ming-Che, 2012. "The asymmetric income effect on household vehicle ownership in Taiwan: A threshold cointegration approach," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 696-706.
  2. Delbosc, Alexa, 2013. "Household composition and within-household car saturation in Melbourne," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 94-100.
  3. Ramos, Raul & Sanromá, Esteban, 2011. "Overeducation and Local Labour Markets in Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 6028, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "Job accessibility, employment and job-education mismatch in the metropolitan area of Barcelona," Working Papers XREAP2014-05, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised May 2014.
  5. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2013. "Key Issues in Local Accessibility Measurement," Post-Print halshs-00867924, HAL.
  6. Ritter, Nolan & Vance, Colin, 2013. "Do fewer people mean fewer cars? Population decline and car ownership in Germany," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 74-85.

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