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Sortir du chômage en Île-de-France. Disparités territoriales, spatial mismatch et ségrégation résidentielle

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  • Emmanuel Duguet
  • Yannick L’Horty
  • Florent Sari

Abstract

The aim of our research is to explain spatial disparities of unemployment-to-work transitions in Paris region (Île-de-France). We are using exhaustive administrative data sets concerning unemployed seeking a job within the French civil service (through Agence nationale pour l?emploi) in order to estimate duration models that allow to assess unemployment-to-work hazard rates for each Paris region?s municipalities. The region shows very strong local disparities between municipalities even if we control for differences in terms of age, sex, skills. This confirms the existence of a specific territorial effect. The region displays a concentric logical: in the center and in the far away periphery, unemployment-to-work transitions are rarer than in an intermediate area. The farthest municipalities from the center are generally characterized by high unemployment duration. In order to explain this geography, we are interesting to the effects of the urban structure on unemployment-to-work transitions. While some municipalities seem to suffer from poor physical connection to job opportunities, for others we can refer to residential segregation effects. Classification JEL : C41, J64, R1.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 60 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 979-1010

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_604_0979

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Cited by:
  1. Matthieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-22, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
  2. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2013. "Key Issues in Local Accessibility Measurement," Post-Print halshs-00867924, HAL.
  3. Nathalie Georges & Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2012. "Comment réduire la fracture spatiale ? Une application en Ile-de-France," TEPP Research Report 2012-07, TEPP.
  4. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Le grand Paris de l’emploi," TEPP Research Report 2011-13, TEPP.
  5. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
  6. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Pourquoi tant de chômeurs à Paris ?," Working Papers halshs-00744900, HAL.
  7. Loïc Du Parquet & Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "Être mobile pour trouver un emploi ? Les enseignements d'une expérimentation en région parisienne," Working Papers halshs-00744936, HAL.
  8. Emmanuel Duguet & Antoine Goujard & Yannick L’Horty & Florent Sari, 2009. "Elaborer un diagnostic territorial sur l’emploi à partir de sources administratives exhaustives : une application en Languedoc-Roussillon," Documents de recherche 09-06, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.

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