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Concurrence imparfaite et discrimination sur le marché du travail

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  • Clémence Berson

    ()
    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)

Abstract

Les modèles de discrimination sur le marché du travail reproduisent difficilement sa persistance sans faire d'hypothèses fortes. Cela conduit de surcroît à une ségrégation des travailleurs selon leurs caractéristiques non productives. Dans cet article, le modèle se sert de l'oligopsonie et de l'hétérogénéité des préférences des travailleurs pour obtenir une persistance de la discrimination. Les entreprises embauchent les deux types de travailleurs et offrent un salaire plus faible aux travailleurs discriminés. Par conséquent, l'existence de discrimination sur le marché permet aux entreprises n'ayant pas de goût pour la discrimination de faire des profits non nuls. Elles n'ont donc pas d'incitation à faire sortir les entreprises discriminantes du marché.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00605976.

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Date of creation: May 2011
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Publication status: Published, Revue Economique, 2011, 62, 3, 409-417
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00605976

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00605976
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Related research

Keywords: Discrimination; oligopsony; wage gap;

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  1. Venkataraman Bhaskar & Ted To, 1999. "Oligopsony and the Distribution of Wages," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-42, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
  2. Judith K. Hellerstein & David Neumark & Kenneth R. Troske, 1998. "Market Forces and Sex Discrimination," Labor and Demography 9807002, EconWPA.
  3. HAMILTON, Jonathan & THISSE, Jacques-François & ZENOU, Yves, . "Wage competition with heterogeneous workers and firms," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1463, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Yves Zenou & Jacques-François Thisse, 1995. "Appariement et concurrence spatiale sur le marché du travail," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 46(3), pages 615-624.
  5. Xavier Wauthy & Yves Zenou, 1999. "Le rôle de l'hétérogénéité des agents sur un marché du travail en concurrence imparfaite," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 965-984.
  6. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-61, September.
  7. Sandra E. Black & Philip E. Strahan, 2001. "The Division of Spoils: Rent-Sharing and Discrimination in a Regulated Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(4), pages 814-831, September.
  8. Black, Dan A, 1995. "Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 309-33, April.
  9. Alan Manning & Ted To, 2002. "Oligopsony and Monopsonistic Competition in Labor Markets," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(2), pages 155-174, Spring.
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