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Can Non-point Phosphorus Emissions from Agriculture be Regulated efficiently using Input-Output Taxes?

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  • Line Block Hansen

    ()
    (Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University)

  • Lars Gårn Hansen

    ()
    (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

In many parts of Europe and North America, phosphorus loss from cultivated fields is threatening natural ecosystems. Though there are similarities to other non-point agricultural emissions like nitrogen that have been studied extensively, phosphorus is often characterised by the presence of large stocking capacities for phosphorus in farm soils and long time-lags between applications and emission. This makes it important to understand the dynamics of the phosphorus emission problem when designing regulatory systems. Using a model that reflects these dynamics, we evaluate alternative regulatory systems. Depending on the proportions of different types of farms in the agricultural sector, we find that an input-output tax system may be close to efficient, or in other cases must be supplemented with subsidy and manure reallocation schemes.

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File URL: http://okonomi.foi.dk/workingpapers/WPpdf/WP2012/WP_2012_4_phosphorus_regulation.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics in its series IFRO Working Paper with number 2012/4.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2012_4

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Web page: http://www.ifro.ku.dk/english/
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Keywords: regulating non-point pollution; phosphorus emissions; manure re-allocation; phosphorus stock dynamics;

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References

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  1. Line Hansen & Lars Hansen, 2014. "Can Non-point Phosphorus Emissions from Agriculture be Regulated Efficiently Using Input-Output Taxes?," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(1), pages 109-125, May.
  2. Fleming, R. A. & Adams, R. M., 1997. "The Importance of Site-Specific Information in the Design of Policies to Control Pollution," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 347-358, July.
  3. Fontein, P.F. & Thijssen, G.J. & Magnus, J.R. & Dijk, J., 1994. "On levies to reduce the nitrogen surplus: The case of Dutch pig farms," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-153234, Tilburg University.
  4. Eli Feinerman & Marinus Komen, 2005. "The Use of Organic vs. Chemical Fertilizer with a Mineral Losses Tax: The Case of Dutch Arable Farmers," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 32(3), pages 367-388, November.
  5. Segerson, Kathleen, 1988. "Uncertainty and incentives for nonpoint pollution control," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 87-98, March.
  6. Lars Hansen, 1998. "A Damage Based Tax Mechanism for Regulation of Non-Point Emissions," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 12(1), pages 99-112, July.
  7. Xepapadeas, A. P., 1992. "Environmental policy design and dynamic nonpoint-source pollution," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 22-39, July.
  8. Horan, Richard D. & Shortle, James S. & Abler, David G., 1998. "Ambient Taxes When Polluters Have Multiple Choices," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 186-199, September.
  9. Kathleen Segerson & JunJie Wu, 2003. "Nonpoint Pollution Control: Inducing First-best Outcomes through the Use of Threats," Working papers, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics 2003-03, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2004.
  10. Koikkalainen, Kauko & Laukkanen, Marita & Helin, Janne, 2006. "Abatement costs for agricultural nitrogen and phosphorus loads: a case study of South-Western Finland," Discussion Papers, MTT Agrifood Research Finland 11867, MTT Agrifood Research Finland.
  11. Cabe, Richard & Herriges, Joseph A., 1992. "The regulation of non-point-source pollution under imperfect and asymmetric information," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 134-146, March.
  12. Vatn, Arild & Bakken, Lars & Botterweg, Peter & Romstad, Eirik, 1999. "ECECMOD: an interdisciplinary modelling system for analyzing nutrient and soil losses from agriculture," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 189-206, August.
  13. Weersink, Alfons & Devos, Greg & Stonehouse, D. Peter, 2004. "Farm Return and Land Price Effects from Environmental Standards and Stocking Density Restrictions," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 33(2), October.
  14. Iho, Antti & Laukkanen, Marita, 2012. "Precision phosphorus management and agricultural phosphorus loading," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 91-102.
  15. Baylis, Kathy & Peplow, Stephen & Rausser, Gordon & Simon, Leo, 2008. "Agri-environmental policies in the EU and United States: A comparison," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(4), pages 753-764, May.
  16. Hediger, Werner, 2003. "Sustainable farm income in the presence of soil erosion: an agricultural Hartwick rule," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 221-236, June.
  17. Iho, Antti & Laukkanen, Marita, 2009. "Dynamically Optimal Phosphorus Management and Agricultural Water Protection," Discussion Papers, MTT Agrifood Research Finland 54285, MTT Agrifood Research Finland.
  18. Goetz, Renan-Ulrich & Keusch, Alois, 2005. "Dynamic efficiency of soil erosion and phosphor reduction policies combining economic and biophysical models," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 201-218, January.
  19. Lars Hansen, 2002. "Regulation of Non-Point Emissions – A Variance Based Mechanism," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 21(4), pages 303-316, April.
  20. Smith, Rodney B.W. & Tomasi, Theodore D., 1999. "Multiple Agents, And Agricultural Nonpoint-Source Water Pollution Control Policies," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 28(1), April.
  21. Renan U. Goetz, 1997. "Diversification in Agricultural Production: A Dynamic Model of Optimal Cropping to Manage Soil Erosion," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 341-356.
  22. Peter Fontein & Geert Thijssen & Jan Magnus & Jan Dijk, 1994. "On levies to reduce the nitrogen surplus: The case of Dutch pig farms," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(5), pages 455-478, October.
  23. Hansen, Lars Gårn, 1999. "A Deposit-Refund System Applied to Nitrogen Emissions from Agriculture," MPRA Paper 26664, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  24. Schnitkey, Gary D. & Miranda, Mario J., 1993. "The Impact Of Pollution Controls On Livestock-Crop Producers," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 18(01), July.
  25. Holtermann, Sally, 1976. "Alternative Tax Systems to Correct for Externalities, and the Efficiency of Paying Compensation," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 43(169), pages 1-16, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Line Hansen & Lars Hansen, 2014. "Can Non-point Phosphorus Emissions from Agriculture be Regulated Efficiently Using Input-Output Taxes?," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(1), pages 109-125, May.

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