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Financing Constraints, Firm Dynamics, Export Decisions and Aggregate productivity

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  • Andrea Caggese

    ()

  • Vincente Cunat

    ()

Abstract

We develop a dynamic industry model where financing frictions affect the entry decisions of new firms in the home market, as well as the riskiness of operating firms. These two factors in turn determine a joint endogenous distribution of firms across productivity, volatility and financial wealth. We show that this endogenous distribution is crucial to understand export and productivity dynamics after a trade liberalization. In particular, the calibrated model predicts that financing frictions have an ambiguous effect on the number of firms starting to export. They reduce the ability of firms to finance the fixed costs necessary to start exporting, but they also change the distribution of domestic firms so that most of them find more profitable to access foreign markets. More importantly, the model predicts that financing constraints, even when they have a negligible net effect on the number of exporting firms, reduce the aggregate productivity gains induced by trade liberalization by 30% to 50%, because they distort the selection into export of the most productive firms. In the second part of the paper we verify the main predictions of the model with a rich dataset of Italian manufacturing firms for the period 1995-2003.

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Paper provided by Financial Markets Group in its series FMG Discussion Papers with number dp685.

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Date of creation: Jun 2011
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Handle: RePEc:fmg:fmgdps:dp685

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Strasser, Georg, 2013. "Exchange rate pass-through and credit constraints," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 25-38.
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2014. "Credit constraints and exports: evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 294-302, January.
  3. Mirabelle Muûls, 2012. "Exporters, Importers and Credit Constraints," CEP Discussion Papers dp1169, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Mirabelle Muûls, 2012. "Exporters, importers and credit constraints," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 51516, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  5. Silvio Contessi & Francesca de Nicola, 2012. "What do we know about the relationship between access to finance and international trade?," Working Papers 2012-054, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  6. Joachim Wagner, 2013. "Credit constraints and exports: A survey of empirical studies using firm level data," Working Paper Series in Economics 287, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  7. Federici, Daniela & Parisi, Valentino, 2012. "Corporate taxation and exports," MPRA Paper 41012, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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