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Trading dynamics in decentralized markets with adverse selection

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  • Braz Camargo
  • Benjamin Lester

Abstract

The authors study a dynamic, decentralized lemons market with one-time entry and characterize its set of non-stationary equilibria. This framework offers a theory of how a market suffering from adverse selection recovers over time endogenously; given an initial fraction of lemons, the model provides sharp predictions about how prices and the composition of assets evolve over time. Comparing economies in which the initial fraction of lemons varies, the authors study the relationship between the severity of the lemons problem and market liquidity. They use this framework to understand how asymmetric information contributed to the breakdown in trade of asset-backed securities during the recent financial crisis, and to evaluate the efficacy of one policy that was implemented in attempt to restore liquidity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia in its series Working Papers with number 11-36.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:11-36

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Keywords: Liquidity (Economics) ; Trade;

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References

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  1. Ricardo Lagos & Guillaume Rocheteau, 2007. "Liquidity in asset markets with search frictions," Working Paper 0706, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  2. Blouin, Max R & Serrano, Roberto, 2001. "A Decentralized Market with Common Values Uncertainty: Non-Steady States," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(2), pages 323-46, April.
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  7. Higashi, Youichiro & Hyogo, Kazuya & Takeoka, Norio, 2009. "Subjective random discounting and intertemporal choice," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 144(3), pages 1015-1053, May.
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  13. Thomas Philippon & Vasiliki Skreta, 2011. "Optimal Interventions in Markets with Adverse Selection," Working Papers 11-11, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
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  17. Podczeck, Konrad & Puzzello, Daniela, 2009. "Independent Random Matching," MPRA Paper 27687, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2010.
  18. Guillaume Rocheteau, 2009. "A monetary approach to asset liquidity," Working Paper 0901, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
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  20. V.V. Chari & Ali Shourideh & Ariel Zetlin-Jones, 2010. "Adverse Selection, Reputation and Sudden Collapses in Secondary Loan Markets," NBER Working Papers 16080, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  21. Amihud, Yakov & Mendelson, Haim, 1986. "Asset pricing and the bid-ask spread," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 223-249, December.
  22. Daniel R. Vincent, 1988. "Bargaining with Common Values," Discussion Papers 775, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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  24. John Wooders & Diego Moreno, 2001. "Prices, Delay, and the Dynamics of Trade," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 28(7), pages A0.
  25. Duffie, Darrell & Garleanu, Nicolae Bogdan & Pedersen, Lasse Heje, 2006. "Valuation in Over-the-Counter Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 5491, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  26. Constantinides, George M, 1986. "Capital Market Equilibrium with Transaction Costs," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 842-62, August.
  27. Kyle, Albert S, 1985. "Continuous Auctions and Insider Trading," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(6), pages 1315-35, November.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Braz Camargo & Kyungmin (Teddy) Kim & Benjamin Lester, 2013. "Subsidizing price discovery," Working Papers 13-20, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  2. Lester, Benjamin, 2013. "Breaking the ice: government interventions in frozen markets," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Q4, pages 19-25.
  3. Veronica Guerrieri & Robert Shimer, 2012. "Dynamic Adverse Selection: A Theory of Illiquidity, Fire Sales, and Flight to Quality," NBER Working Papers 17876, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Francesc Dilme & Fei Li:, 2012. "Dynamic Education Signaling with Dropout, Second Version," PIER Working Paper Archive 13-048, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, revised 03 Sep 2013.
  5. Diego Moreno & John Wooders, 2012. "Dynamic markets for lemons : performance, liquidity, and policy intervention," Economics Working Papers we1226, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  6. Dino Gerardi & Lucas Maestri, 2013. "Bargaining over a Divisible Good in the Market for Lemons," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 312, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
  7. Francesc Dilme & Fei Li, 2012. "Dynamic Education Signaling with Dropout," PIER Working Paper Archive 12-023, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
  8. Shengxing Zhang, 2012. "Liquidity Misallocation in an Over-The-Counter Market," 2012 Meeting Papers 529, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  9. Christopher L. House & Yusufcan Masatlioglu, 2010. "Managing Markets for Toxic Assets," NBER Working Papers 16145, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Briana Chang, 2012. "Adverse Selection and Liquidity Distortion in Decentralized Markets," 2012 Meeting Papers 403, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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