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Optimal Interventions in Markets with Adverse Selection

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  • Thomas Philippon
  • Vasiliki Skreta

Abstract

We study interventions to restore efficient lending and investment when financial markets fail because of adverse selection. We solve a design problem where the decision to participate in a program offered by the government can be a signal for private information. We charac terize optimal mechanisms and analyze specific programs often used during banking crises. We show that programs attracting all banks dominate those attracting only troubled banks, and that simple guarantees for new debt issuances implement the optimal mechanism, while equity injections and asset buyback do not. We also discuss the consequences of moral hazard.

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Paper provided by New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 11-11.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ste:nystbu:11-11

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Postal: New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics, 44 West 4th Street, New York, NY 10012-1126
Phone: (212) 998-0860
Fax: (212) 995-4218
Web page: http://w4.stern.nyu.edu/economics/
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fuchs, William & Skrzypacz, Andrzej, 2013. "Costs and Benefits of Dynamic Trading in a Lemons Market," Research Papers 2133, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
  2. Ben Lester & Braz Camargo, 2010. "Trading Dynamics in Decentralized Markets with Adverse Selection," 2010 Meeting Papers 488, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Celik, Gorkem & Peters, Michael, 2011. "Reciprocal Relationships and Mechanism Design," Microeconomics.ca working papers gorkem_celik-2011-19, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 01 Aug 2011.
  4. Huberto Ennis & John Weinberg, 2013. "Over-the-counter loans, adverse selection, and stigma in the interbank market," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 16(4), pages 601-616, October.
  5. Bernardo, Antonio & Talley, Eric & Welch, Ivo, 2011. "A Model of Optimal Government Bailouts," Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics, Working Paper Series qt8wv4p90c, Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics.
  6. Braz Camargo & Kyungmin (Teddy) Kim & Benjamin Lester, 2013. "Subsidizing price discovery," Working Papers 13-20, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  7. Celik, Gorkem & Peters, Michael, 2008. "Equilibrium Rejection of a Mechanism," Microeconomics.ca working papers gorkem_celik-2008-10, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 06 Aug 2008.
  8. Jean Tirole, 2012. "Overcoming Adverse Selection: How Public Intervention Can Restore Market Functioning," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(1), pages 29-59, February.
  9. Hajime Tomura, 2012. "Asset Illiquidity and Market Shutdowns in Competitive Equilibrium," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 15(3), pages 283-294, July.
  10. Christopher L. House & Yusufcan Masatlioglu, 2010. "Managing Markets for Toxic Assets," NBER Working Papers 16145, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Saki Bigio, 2012. "Financial Risk Capacity," 2012 Meeting Papers 97, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  12. Koufopoulos, Kostos & Kozhan, Roman & Trigilia, Giulio, 2014. "Optimal Security Design under Asymmetric Information and Profit Manipulation," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 1050, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  13. Itay Goldstein & Assaf Razin, 2013. "Three Branches of Theories of Financial Crises," NBER Working Papers 18670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Sweder van Wijnbergen & Timotej Homar, 2013. "Recessions after Systemic Banking Crises: Does it matter how Governments intervene?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-039/VI/DSF54, Tinbergen Institute, revised 21 Nov 2013.
  15. Mariotti, Thomas & Salanié, François & Attar, Andrea, 2014. "Nonexclusive competition under adverse selection," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 9(1), January.
  16. Jimmy Melo, 2014. "Expectativas cambiarias, selección adversa y liquidez," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 27-62, May.
  17. Sokolovska, Olena & Sokolovskyi, Dmytro, 2012. "Genesis of market failure of adverse-selection-type in problem of effective capital allocation," MPRA Paper 41868, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  18. Koralai Kirabaeva, 2010. "Adverse Selection, Liquidity, and Market Breakdown," Working Papers 10-32, Bank of Canada.

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