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Optimal Interventions in Markets with Adverse Selection

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  • Philippon, Thomas
  • Skreta, Vasiliki

Abstract

We study interventions to restore efficient lending and investment when financial markets fail because of adverse selection. We solve a design problem where the decision to participate in a program offered by the government can be a signal for private information. We charac terize optimal mechanisms and analyze specific programs often used during banking crises. We show that programs attracting all banks dominate those attracting only troubled banks, and that simple guarantees for new debt issuances implement the optimal mechanism, while equity injections and asset buyback do not. We also discuss the consequences of moral hazard.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7737.

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Date of creation: Mar 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7737

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Keywords: adverse selection; bailout; financial crisis; information; mechanism design;

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References

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  1. Emmanuel Farhi & Jean Tirole, 2009. "Collective Moral Hazard, Maturity Mismatch and Systemic Bailouts," NBER Working Papers 15138, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Emmanuel Farhi & Mikhail Golosov & Aleh Tsyvinski, 2009. "A Theory of Liquidity and Regulation of Financial Intermediation," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(3), pages 973-992.
  3. Philip Bond & Arvind Krishnamurthy, 2004. "Regulating Exclusion from Financial Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(3), pages 681-707.
  4. Gary Gorton & Lixin Huang, 2004. "Liquidity, Efficiency, and Bank Bailouts," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 455-483, June.
  5. Roger B. Myerson, 1981. "Mechanism Design by an Informed Principal," Discussion Papers 481, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
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  7. Mikhail Golosov & Aleh Tsyvinski, 2006. "Optimal Taxation with Endogenous Insurance Markets," Levine's Bibliography 784828000000000445, UCLA Department of Economics.
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  11. Philippe Aghion, Patrick Bolton & Steven Fries, 1999. "Optimal Design of Bank Bailouts: The Case of Transition Economies," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 155(1), pages 51-, March.
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  20. Ausubel Lawrence M & Cramton Peter, 2009. "No Substitute for the "P" Word in Financial Rescue," The Economists' Voice, De Gruyter, vol. 6(2), pages 1-3, February.
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  22. Stavros Peristiani, 1998. "The Growing Reluctance To Borrow At The Discount Window: An Empirical Investigation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 611-620, November.
  23. Frederic S. Mishkin, 1991. "Asymmetric Information and Financial Crises: A Historical Perspective," NBER Chapters, in: Financial Markets and Financial Crises, pages 69-108 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sweder van Wijnbergen & Timotej Homar, 2013. "Recessions after Systemic Banking Crises: Does it matter how Governments intervene?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-039/VI/DSF54, Tinbergen Institute, revised 21 Nov 2013.
  2. Celik, Gorkem & Peters, Michael, 2011. "Equilibrium rejection of a mechanism," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 375-387.
  3. Ben Lester & Braz Camargo, 2010. "Trading Dynamics in Decentralized Markets with Adverse Selection," 2010 Meeting Papers 488, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Celik, Gorkem & Peters, Michael, 2011. "Reciprocal Relationships and Mechanism Design," Microeconomics.ca working papers gorkem_celik-2011-19, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 01 Aug 2011.
  5. Huberto M. Ennis & John A. Weinberg, 2010. "Over-the-counter loans, adverse selection, and stigma in the interbank market," Working Paper 10-07, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
  6. Koralai Kirabaeva, 2010. "Adverse Selection, Liquidity, and Market Breakdown," Working Papers 10-32, Bank of Canada.
  7. Itay Goldstein & Assaf Razin, 2013. "Three Branches of Theories of Financial Crises," NBER Working Papers 18670, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Koufopoulos, Kostos & Kozhan, Roman & Trigilia, Giulio, 2014. "Optimal Security Design under Asymmetric Information and Profit Manipulation," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 1050, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  9. House, Christopher & Masatlioglu, Yusufcan, 2010. "Managing Markets for Toxic Assets," MPRA Paper 24590, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Jean Tirole, 2012. "Overcoming Adverse Selection: How Public Intervention Can Restore Market Functioning," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(1), pages 29-59, February.
  11. Jimmy Melo, 2014. "Expectativas cambiarias, selección adversa y liquidez," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 27-62, May.
  12. Andrea Attar & Thomas Mariotti & François Salanié, 2011. "Non-Exclusive Competition under Adverse Selection," CEIS Research Paper 192, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 31 Mar 2011.
  13. Hajime Tomura, 2012. "Asset Illiquidity and Market Shutdowns in Competitive Equilibrium," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 15(3), pages 283-294, July.
  14. Fuchs, William & Skrzypacz, Andrzej, 2013. "Costs and Benefits of Dynamic Trading in a Lemons Market," Research Papers 2133, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
  15. Braz Camargo & Kyungmin (Teddy) Kim & Benjamin Lester, 2013. "Subsidizing price discovery," Working Papers 13-20, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  16. Saki Bigio, 2012. "Financial Risk Capacity," 2012 Meeting Papers 97, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  17. Sokolovska, Olena & Sokolovskyi, Dmytro, 2012. "Genesis of market failure of adverse-selection-type in problem of effective capital allocation," MPRA Paper 41868, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  18. Bernardo, Antonio & Talley, Eric & Welch, Ivo, 2011. "A Model of Optimal Government Bailouts," Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics, Working Paper Series qt8wv4p90c, Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics.

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