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Firms and flexibility

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  • Bart Hobijn
  • Aysegül Sahin

Abstract

We study the effects of labor market rigidities and frictions on firm-size distributions and dynamics. We introduce a model of endogenous entrepreneurship, labor market frictions, and firm-size dynamics with many types of rigidities, such as hiring and firing costs, search frictions with vacancy costs, unemployment benefits, firm entry costs, and a tax wedge between wages and labor costs. We use the model to analyze how each rigidity explains firm-size differentials between the United States and France. We find that when we include all rigidities and frictions except hiring costs and search frictions, the model accounts for much of the firm-size differentials between the United States and France. The addition of search frictions with vacancy costs generates implausibly large differentials in firm-size distributions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of New York in its series Staff Reports with number 311.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:311

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Keywords: Labor market ; Corporations - Finance ; Business enterprises - Finance ; Employment ; Unemployment;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michael W. L. Elsby, 2008. "Marginal Jobs, Heterogeneous Firms, & Unemployment Flows," NBER Working Papers 13777, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Nicolas Roys & Francois Gourio, 2013. "Size-Dependent Regulations, Firm Size Distribution, and Reallocation," 2013 Meeting Papers 199, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Cosar, A. Kerem & Guner, Nezih & Tybout, James, 2013. "Firm Dynamics, Job Turnover, and Wage Distributions in an Open Economy," IZA Discussion Papers 7718, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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