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Size-Dependent Regulations, Firm Size Distribution, and Reallocation

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  • Nicolas Roys

    (University of Wisconsin - Madison)

  • Francois Gourio

    (Boston University)

Abstract

In France, firms with 50 employees or more face substantially more regulation than firms with less than 50. As a result, the size distribution of firms is visibly distorted: there are many firms with exactly 49 employees. We model the regulation as a sunk cost that must be paid the first time the firm reaches 50 employees, and we estimate the model using indirect inference by fitting these salient features of the size distribution. The key finding is that the legislation acts like a sunk cost equivalent to approximately one year of an average employee salary. Removing the regulation improves labor allocation across firms, leading to a productivity gain of around 0.3%, holding the number of firms fixed. However, if firm entry is elastic, the steady-state gains are significantly smaller.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2013 Meeting Papers with number 199.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:199

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Cited by:
  1. Luis Garicano & Claire LeLarge & John Van Reenen, 2013. "Firm Size Distortions and the Productivity Distribution: Evidence from France," NBER Working Papers 18841, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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