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Business cycles and monetary regimes in emerging economies: a role for a monopolistic banking sector

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  • Federico S. Mandelman

Abstract

Starting from a variant of the New Keynesian model for a small open economy, I extend the standard credit channel framework to show that the presence of imperfect competition in the banking system propagates external shocks and amplifies the business cycle. This novel modeling of the banking system captures various well-documented facts in developing economies. I show that strategic limit pricing, aimed at protecting retail niches from potential competitors, generates countercyclical bank markups. Markup increments, as a consequence of sudden capital outflows, end up increasing borrowing costs for firms as well as damaging the financial position of firms’ balance sheets. The recognition of monopoly power in banking allows the model to account for the relatively high investment volatility registered in emerging countries, even in the presence of debt that is fully denominated in local currency and flexible exchange rates.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta in its series Working Paper with number 2006-17.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedawp:2006-17

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Cited by:
  1. Bremus, Franziska & Buch, Claudia M. & Russ, Katheryn N. & Schnitzer, Monika, 2013. "Big Banks and Macroeconomic Outcomes: Theory and Cross-Country Evidence of Granularity," Munich Reprints in Economics 20226, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  2. Fujiwara, Ippei & Teranishi, Yuki, 2011. "Real exchange rate dynamics revisited: A case with financial market imperfections," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1562-1589.
  3. Beatriz de Blas & Katheryn Russ, 2010. "FDI in the Banking Sector," Working Papers 108, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  4. Ippei Fujiwara & Yuki Teranishi, 2009. "Financial Stability in Open Economies," IMES Discussion Paper Series 09-E-09, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
  5. Ippei Fujiwara, Yuki Teranishi, 2013. "Financial stability in open economies," AJRC Working Papers 1306, Australia-Japan Research Centre, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.

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