Jobs and Kids: Female Employment and Fertility in China
AbstractData on 2,355 married women from the 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey are used to study how female employment affects fertility in China. China has deep concerns with both population size and female employment, so the relationship between the two should be better understood. Causality flows in both directions. A conceptual model shows how employment prospects affect fertility. Then a well-validated instrumental variable isolates this effect. Female employment reduces a married woman's preferred number of children by 0.35 on average and her actual number by 0.50. Ramifications for China's one-child policy are discussed.
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-01-19 (All new papers)
- NEP-CNA-2013-01-19 (China)
- NEP-DEM-2013-01-19 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2013-01-19 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2013-01-19 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LMA-2013-01-19 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
- NEP-LTV-2013-01-19 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-TRA-2013-01-19 (Transition Economics)
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