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Santé, Inégalités et ruptures sociales à Antananarivo, Premiers résultats de l’enquête SIRS 2003

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  • Mireille Razafindrakoto

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Jean-Michel Wachsberger

    ()
    (DIAL, Lasmas, Gracc)

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    Abstract

    This paper addresses the issue of labour market sectoral allocation, and more specifically of the determinant of "choosing" the informal sector in Vietnam, a massive and unknown component of the Vietnamese economy. Instead of focusing on indirect measures to reveal individual preferences, our approach rely on job satisfaction, taking into account individual socio-demographic characteristics, earnings and labour conditions attached to the jobs. The empirics is based on the Labor Force Survey conducted by the General Office of Statistics in 2009 on a nationwide representative sample of 16 000 households, with the participation of the authors. In particular, the question on job satisfaction has been introduced in the questionnaire on their behalf. Our results suggest that job satisfaction in the informal sector is low (compared to formal sector), for wage workers as for own account workers, even if the latter jobs are more valued than the former. Thus in most cases, working in the informal sector is more a constraint than a free choice, except when it is a strategy to escape working in agricultural activities. _________________________________ Cette étude analyse les déterminants de l'allocation sectorielle sur le marché du travail. Plus particulièrement, elle s’attache à explorer la question des déterminants du « choix » du travail dans le secteur informel au Vietnam, une composante aussi massive et durable que méconnue de l'économie de ce pays. Plutôt que de passer par des mesures indirectes visant à révéler les préférences individuelles, elle apporte une contribution originale en s’intéressant à la satisfaction que ces emplois procurent, en tenant compte des caractéristiques sociodémographiques des individus, des revenus générés par les emplois et des conditions dans lesquelles ils s’exercent. On exploite pour cela les données de l’enquête emploi (Labor Force Survey) de l’Office Général de la Statistique de 2009 menée auprès d’un échantillon représentatif de la population nationale de 16 000 ménages, avec la participation des auteurs. En particulier, la question de la satisfaction dans l'emploi a été introduite dans le questionnaire à leur instigation. Nos résultats mettent en évidence une faible satisfaction procurée par les emplois du secteur informel (comparativement à ceux du secteur formel), qu’ils soient salariés ou indépendants, même si ces derniers sont significativement plus appréciés. Travailler dans le secteur informel apparaît ainsi dans la plupart des cas comme un choix par défaut, sauf lorsqu’il permet d’échapper au secteur agricole.

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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2012/2012-10
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2012/10.

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    Length: 32 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201210

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    Related research

    Keywords: Satisfaction dans l'emploi; marché du travail; secteur informel; rémunération; Vietnam; Job Satisfaction; Labour Market; Informal Sector; Earnings.;

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    References

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    1. Blanchflower, D.G. & Oswald, A., 1991. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Economics Series Working Papers 99125, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    2. Andrew Clark, . "Job Satisfaction and Gender. Why are Women so Happy at Work?," Economics Discussion Papers 415, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
    3. Huu Chi Nguyen & Christophe Nordman & François Roubaud, 2011. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Working Papers DT/2011/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    4. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
    5. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William, 2007. "Comparative analysis of labor market dynamics using markov processes : an application to informality," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4429, The World Bank.
    6. Gong, Xiaodong & van Soest, Arthur & Villagomez, Elizabeth, 2000. "Mobility in the Urban Labor Market: A Panel Data Analysis for Mexico," IZA Discussion Papers 213, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Clark, Andrew E., 2001. "What really matters in a job? Hedonic measurement using quit data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 223-242, May.
    8. Clark, Andrew E., 2005. "Your Money or Your Life: Changing Job Quality in OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1610, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Jean-Pierre Cling & Mireille Razafindrakoto & François Roubaud, 2007. "Export Processing Zones in Madagascar: the impact of the dismantling of clothing quotas on employment and labour standards," Working Papers DT/2007/06, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    10. Cling, Jean-Pierre & Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François, 2011. "Assessing the Potential Impact of the Global Crisis on the Labour Market and the Informal Sector in Vietnam," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10624, Paris Dauphine University.
    11. Freeman, Richard B, 1978. "Job Satisfaction as an Economic Variable," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 68(2), pages 135-41, May.
    12. Maloney, William F, 1999. "Does Informality Imply Segmentation in Urban Labor Markets? Evidence from Sectoral Transitions in Mexico," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 275-302, May.
    13. Pratap, Sangeeta & Quintin, Erwan, 2006. "Are labor markets segmented in developing countries? A semiparametric approach," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(7), pages 1817-1841, October.
    14. Felix Requena, 2003. "Social Capital, Satisfaction and Quality of Life in the Workplace," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 61(3), pages 331-360, March.
    15. Sousa-Poza, Alfonso & Sousa-Poza, Andres A., 2000. "Well-being at work: a cross-national analysis of the levels and determinants of job satisfaction," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 517-538, November.
    16. Easterlin, Richard A, 2001. "Income and Happiness: Towards an Unified Theory," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(473), pages 465-84, July.
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