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Auszeichnungen: ein vernachlässigter Anreiz

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  • Bruno S. Frey
  • Susanne Neckermann

Abstract

Laut ökonomischer Standardtheorie sollen Arbeitsanreize mittels Geldzahlungen vermittelt werden. Materielle Anreize in nicht-monetärer Form sind demgegenüber weniger effizient, sind aber dennoch weit verbreitet. Auszeichnungen in Form von Titeln, Orden, Medaillen und Ehrungen (Preisen) wurden bisher nicht beachtet. Es handelt sich dabei um extrinsische, nicht-materielle Anreize die ihre Wirkung über den Urtrieb der Individuen nach sozialer Anerkennung und Status entfalten. Wir analysieren wie sich monetäre Anreize und Auszeichnungen unterscheiden: Auszeichnungen sind in der Regel billig, begründen soziale Beziehungen, sind nicht direkt mit der Leistung verknüpft und verfügen über eine Signalwirkung. Darüber hinaus unterstützen Auszeichnungen die intrinsische Motivation, können die Wohlfahrt erhöhen und sind steuerfrei. Auszeichnungen sind ein wichtiges zusätzliches Instrument im Arsenal der Prinzipal-Agenten-Theorie. In vielen Kontexten wirken sie besser als Geld.

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Paper provided by Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts (CREMA) in its series CREMA Working Paper Series with number 2005-14.

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Date of creation: Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:cra:wpaper:2005-14

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Cited by:
  1. Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt, 2010. "Architektur, Ökonomie - Architekturökonomie," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11(4), pages 340-355, November.
  2. Bruno S. Frey, 2010. "Geld oder Anerkennung? Zur Ökonomik der Auszeichnungen," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11(1), pages 1-15, 02.

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